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Manufacturing of CVD diamond micro-end mills with electrical discharge machining

2017 , Uhlmann, E. , Oberschmidt, D. , Polte, M. , Polte, J. , Schimmelpfennig, T.-M. , Börnstein, J.

At state of the art micro-milling tools made of cemented carbide are widely used in industry. Nevertheless, these micro-milling tools suffer from fast and random tool breakage while cutting. To improve the wear behaviour of micro-milling tools new cutting materials have to be established. In this work electrical discharge machining (EDM) for manufacturing of micro-milling tools with cutting edges made of boron doped chemical vapour deposition (bdCVD) diamond were investigated. Wire-EDM and die-sinking-EDM were compared regarding the characteristics of the micro-tool´s cutting edges. It could be concluded that the wire-EDM process is suitable for manufacturing of micro-milling tools with cutting edges made of bdCVD diamond. With respect to the elaborated technologies for the wire-EDM process a cutting edge radius rv = 3.9 mm and for the die-sinking-EDM process a cutting edge radius rv = 5.4 mm could be measured.

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Liquid covered micro-milling

2017 , Uhlmann, E. , Oberschmidt, D. , Polte, M. , Polte, J.

Micro-milling tools made of cemented carbide suffer from fast tool wear and random tool breakage during the machining process. The cutting material cemented carbide is composed of a hard material phase made of tungsten carbide and a binder phase made of cobalt. An allotropical crystal lattice transformation of the binder phase at a temperature TH = 420 °C leads to increased tool wear. Commonly minimum quantity lubrication (MQL) is used as cooling lubricant technology in micro-milling. In this work a new liquid covered cooling lubricant (LCCL) technology and the commonly used MQL technology were compared regarding tool wear of cemented carbide tools for machining the steel STAVAX ESU. In the LCCL technology the cutting process is completely covered with cutting lubricant. It could be concluded that the new LCCL technology offers a high potential to reduce the tool wear in micro-milling of steel with cemented carbide micro-milling tools.

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Cutting forces while machining STAVAX ESU with binderless-cBN

2017 , Uhlmann, E. , Oberschmidt, D. , Polte, J. , Polte, M.

Binderless-cubic-Boron-Nitride(cBN) from the company SUMITOMO CORPORATION, Itami, Japan, provides the opportunity for direct cutting of steel with ultra-precision quality without additional equipment or coating of the workpiece. This work presents the latest results in the field of ultra-precision machining of hardened stainless steel with binderless-cBN. In this paper the influence of the cutting speed vc, the feed f, the depth of cut ap, and the cooling lubricant on the cutting force Fc is shown for turning the stainless steel STAVAX ESU. The cutting speed, the feed and the depth of cut were varied between 3 m/min < vc < 450 m/min, 0.9 mm < f < 9.7 mm, and 5 mm < ap < 30 mm respectively. As cooling lubricants compressed air and W200SL of the company OPORTET, Duisburg, Germany, with a volumetric flow rate & = 1 l/min were used. For measuring the cutting forces Fc the piezoelectric dynamometer MINIDYN 9256C2 from the KISTLER INSTRUMENTE AG, Middlefield, USA, was used. As a result of this work cutting forces Fc < 4.9 N could be observed with an inconstant progression over the varied process parameters.