Now showing 1 - 10 of 2629
  • Publication
    Mittels Scangineering und Schweiß-Knowhow zum reparierten Umformwerkzeug
    Zum wirtschaftlichen und nachhaltigen Einsatz von Stanz- und Formwerkzeugen ist in der Regel eine Reparatur der verschlissenen Werkzeuge erforderlich. Das Additive Fertigungsverfahren Laser-Powder Directed Energy Depositon (LP-DED) in Kombinationen mit intelligenten Reverse-Engineering-Ansätzen bietet die Möglichkeit, Bauteile materialschonend und effizient zu reparieren.
  • Publication
    Retaining Mechanical Properties of GMA-Welded Joints of 9%Ni Steel Using Experimentally Produced Matching Ferritic Filler Metal
    ( 2022-11-30)
    El-batahgy, Abdel-monem
    ;
    Elkousy, Mohamed Raafat
    ;
    Al-Rahman, Ahmed Abd
    ;
    ; ;
    Motivated by the loss of tensile strength in 9%Ni steel arc-welded joints performed using commercially available Ni-based austenitic filler metals, the viability of retaining tensile strength using an experimentally produced matching ferritic filler metal was confirmed. Compared to the austenitic Ni-based filler metal (685 MPa), higher tensile strength in gas metal arc (GMA) welded joints was achieved using a ferritic filler metal (749 MPa) due to its microstructure being similar to the base metal (645 MPa). The microstructure of hard martensite resulted in an impact energy of 71 J (−196 °C), which was two times higher than the specified minimum value of ≥34 J. The tensile and impact strength of the welded joint is affected not only by its microstructure, but also by the degree of its mechanical mismatch depending on the type of filler metal. Welds with a harder microstructure and less mechanical mismatch are important for achieving an adequate combination of tensile strength and notched impact strength. This is achievable with the cost-effective ferritic filler metal. A more desirable combination of mechanical properties is guaranteed by applying low preheating temperature (200 °C), which is a more practicable and economical solution compared to the high post-weld heat treatment (PWHT) temperature (580 °C) suggested by other research.
  • Publication
    Transferability of ANN-generated parameter sets from welding tracks to 3D-geometries in Directed Energy Deposition
    ( 2022-11-04)
    Marko, Angelina
    ;
    Bähring, Stefan
    ;
    Raute, Maximilian Julius
    ;
    ;
    Directed energy deposition (DED) has been in industrial use as a coating process for many years. Modern applications include the repair of existing components and additive manufacturing. The main advantages of DED are high deposition rates and low energy input. However, the process is influenced by a variety of parameters affecting the component quality. Artificial neural networks (ANNs) offer the possibility of mapping complex processes such as DED. They can serve as a tool for predicting optimal process parameters and quality characteristics. Previous research only refers to weld beads: a transferability to additively manufactured three-dimensional components has not been investigated. In the context of this work, an ANN is generated based on 86 weld beads. Quality categories (poor, medium, and good) are chosen as target variables to combine several quality features. The applicability of this categorization compared to conventional characteristics is discussed in detail. The ANN predicts the quality category of weld beads with an average accuracy of 81.5%. Two randomly generated parameter sets predicted as “good” by the network are then used to build tracks, coatings, walls, and cubes. It is shown that ANN trained with weld beads are suitable for complex parameter predictions in a limited way.
  • Publication
    Prognose von Qualitätsmerkmalen durch Anwendung von KI-Methoden beim "Directed Energy Deposition"
    ( 2022-10)
    Marko, Angelina
    ;
    Bähring, Stefan
    ;
    Raute, Maximilian Julius
    ;
    ;
    Dieser Beitrag enthält die Ergebnisse eines im Rahmen der DVS Forschung entwickelten Ansatzes zur Qualitätssicherung im Directed Energy Deposition. Es basiert auf der Verarbeitung verschiedener während des Prozesses gesammelter Sensordaten unter Anwendung Künstlicher Neuronale Netze (KNN). So ließen sich die Qualitätsmerkmale Härte und Dichte auf der Datenbasis von 50 additiv gefertigten Probenwürfel mit einer Abweichung < 2 % vorhersagen. Des Weiteren wurde die Übertragbarkeit des KNN auf eine Schaufelgeometrie untersucht. Auch hier ließen sich Härte und Dichte hervorragend prognostizieren (Abweichung < 1,5 %), sodass der Ansatz als validiert betrachtet werden kann.
  • Publication
    Result quality evaluation of Directed Energy Deposition Additive Manufacturing simulations with progressive simplification of transient heat-source motion
    ( 2022-09-05) ;
    Elsner, Beatrix A.M.
    ;
    Neubauer, Ingo
    ;
    ;
    Directed Energy Deposition (DED) additive manufacturing has recently been adopted in the industry for the build-up of structural components with weld lengths up to kilometers. As with all welding processes, DED suffers from thermal distortion, causing loss of dimensional accuracy and risk of cracking. Currently, process optimization with objective to minimize distortion requires expensive experimental trial-and-error. With numerical simulation of the DED process, this distortion compensation can be performed virtually, significantly reducing experimental trials. Although such approaches are generally available, their widespread adoption is currently being hampered by long computational times for large builds. This work presents a novel approach to reduce the calculation time by a simplification of the transient heat-source motion. This approach is assessed in terms of result accuracy for an industrial-scale component by progressively reducing the resolution of the heat-source motion. Calculation times as well as distortions in comparison to experimental trials are investigated.
  • Publication
    Laserstrahlhybridschweißen von Türmen für Windkraftanlagen
    ( 2022-08-29)
    Üstündag, Ömer
    ;
    Bakir, Nasim
    ;
    ;
    Knöfel, Frieder
    ;
    ; ;
    Das Laserstrahlhybridschweißen ist beim Schweißen von Türmen für Windkraftanlagen eine Alternative zum Unterpulverschweißen von Dickblechen in Mehrlagentechnik und bietet hier ökonomische und ökologische Vorteile. Der industrielle Einsatz des Verfahrens ist jedoch durch prozessspezifische Herausforderungen eingeschränkt. Die im Beitrag beschriebene kontaktlose elektromagnetische Badstütze dient zur Erweiterung des Verfahrenspotenzials im Dickblechbereich >15 mm.
  • Publication
    Joining 30 mm Thick Shipbuilding Steel Plates EH36 Using a Process Combination of Hybrid Laser Arc Welding and Submerged Arc Welding
    This article presents a cost-effective and reliable method for welding 30 mm thick sheets of shipbuilding steel EH36. The method proposes to perform butt welding in a two-run technique using hybrid laser arc welding (HLAW) and submerged arc welding (SAW). The HLAW is performed as a partial penetration weld with a penetration depth of approximately 25 mm. The SAW is carried out as a second run on the opposite side. With a SAW penetration depth of 8 mm, the weld cross-section is closed with the reliable intersection of both passes. The advantages of the proposed welding method are: no need for forming of the HLAW root; the SAW pass can effectively eliminate pores in the HLAW root; the high stability of the welding process regarding the preparation quality of the weld edges. Plasma cut edges can be welded without lack of fusion defects. The weld quality achieved is confirmed by destructive tests.
  • Publication
    Nachhaltiger im Automobil mit TWB
    ( 2022-07-30) ;
    Weber, Joshua
    ;
    Kompenhans, Moritz Niklas
    ;
    Höfemann, Matthias
    ;
    Joos, Paul
    CO2-Footprint von Fahrzeugen wird maßgeblich durch ihr Gewicht bestimmt. Spezielle Blechplatinen - bislang noch nicht in Serie eingesetzte Tailor Welded Blanks aus höchstfesten Stählen mit Festigkeiten von 1000 MPa - können diesen verringern. Die Verarbeitung geschweißter höchstfester Platinen kann jedoch noch zu Diskontinuität im Bauteil führen. Den Prozess rein experimentell auszulegen ist teuer und verschwendet Material und Ressourcen. Dem begegnet das BMWK-Projekt TWBlock mit numerischen Simulationen und deren Absicherung durch die Blockchain-Technologie über die gesamte Prozess- und Wertschöpfungskette.
  • Publication
    Schweißtechnik: KI-basierte Parametrierung
    ( 2022-05-16)
    Baumann, Anja
    ;
    ;
    Fromme, Dirk
    Für die Parametrierung von Schweißverbindungen werden viele Schweißversuche und ein fundiertes Fachwissen benötigt. Die richtigen Parameter auf Anhieb zu finden gleicht der Suche nach der Nadel im Heuhaufen. Mithilfe von künstlicher Intelligenz kann solch eine Suche stark vereinfacht werden. Die Algorithmen, einmal richtig trainiert, können effizient die nahezu richtigen Parameter liefern und somit die Vorserienkosten reduzieren.
  • Publication
    Integrated weld preparation designs for the joining of L-PBF and conventional components via TIG welding
    ( 2022-04-18)
    Geisen, Ole
    ;
    ;
    Graf, Benjamin
    ;
    Laser powder bed fusion (L-PBF) of entire assemblies is not typically practical for technical and economic reasons. The build size limitations and high production costs of L-PBF make it competitive for smaller, highly complex components, while the less complex elements of an assembly are manufactured conventionally. This leads to scenarios that use L-PBF only where it's beneficial, and it require an integration and joining to form the final product. For example, L-PBF combustion swirlers are welded onto cast parts to produce combustion systems for stationary gas turbines. Today, the welding process requires complex welding fixtures and tack welds to ensure the correct alignment and positioning of the parts for repeatable weld results. In this paper, L-PBF and milled weld preparations are presented as a way to simplify the Tungsten inert gas (TIG) welding of rotationally symmetrical geometries using integrated features for alignment and fixation. Pipe specimens with the proposed designs are manufactured in Inconel 625 using L-PBF and milling. The pipe assembly is tested and TIG welding is performed for validation. 3D scans of the pipes before and after welding are evaluated, and the weld quality is examined via metallography and computed tomography (CT) scans. All welds produced in this study passed the highest evaluation group B according to DIN 5817. Thanks to good component alignment, safe handling, and a stable welding process, the developed designs eliminate the need for part-specific fixtures, simplify the process chain, and increase the process reliability. The results are applicable to a wide range of components with similar requirements.