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Matrix layer sample preparation

An improved MALDI-MS peptide analysis method for proteomic studies
: Garaguso, I.; Borlak, J.


Proteomics 8 (2008), Nr.13, S.2583-2595
ISSN: 1615-9853
ISSN: 1615-9861
Fraunhofer ITEM ()
MALDI-MS; Protein identification; sample preparation; phosphorylation

The analytical performance of MALDI-MS is highly influenced by sample preparation and the choice of matrix. Here we present an improved MALDI-MS sample preparation method for peptide mass mapping and peptide analysis, based on the use of the 2,5-dihydroxybenzoic acid matrix and prestructured sample supports, termed: matrix layer (ML). This sample preparation is easy to use and results in a rapid automated MALDI-MS and MS/MS with high quality spectra acquisition. The between-spot variation was investigated using standard peptides and statistical treatment of data confirmed the improvement gained with the ML method. Furthermore, the sample preparation method proved to be highly sensitive, in the lower-attomole range for peptides, and we improved the performance of MALDI-MS/MS for characterization of phosphopeptides as well. The method is versatile for the routine analysis of in-gel tryptic digests thereby allowing for an improved protein sequence coverage. Furthermore, reliable protein identification can be achieved without the need of desalting sample preparation. We demonstrate the performance and the robustness of our method using commercially available reference proteins and automated MS and MS/MS analyses of in-gel digests from lung tissue lysate proteins separated by 2-DE.