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Influence of compounding conditions, treatment of wood particles with fire‑retardants and artificial weathering on properties of wood‑polymer composites for façade applications

: Schirp, Arne; Schwarz, Benjamin

Volltext ()

European journal of wood and wood products (2021), Online First, 20 S.
ISSN: 0018-3768
ISSN: 1436-736X
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer WKI ()

Various fire-retardants (FR) for the pre-treatment of wood flour, for example, ammonium polyphosphate and different formulations based on phosphorus- and nitrogen-compounds, as well as for application during compounding were tested for their effectiveness in injection-molded and extruded composites based on high-density polyethylene and polypropylene. Small-scale tests for flammability of polymeric materials and for determination of the limiting oxygen index were used to characterize the composite materials. Differences pertaining to the applied compounding conditions, i.e., underwater granulation versus air granulation, were determined. The amount of phosphorus leached from FR during underwater granulation was analyzed. Artificial weathering trials were performed and reaction-to-fire performance and color changes of FR-composites were evaluated. Tensile strength properties of the composites and results for cold water immersion tests are also reported. An optimized formulation based on pre-treated wood flour was developed and extruded into façade profiles for the single burning item test according to DIN EN 13823. The test showed that classification C-s3, d0 according to DIN EN 13501-1 can be achieved if pre-treated wood flour is used. The use of untreated wood flour leads to a lower classification (D-s2, d0). Fire performance of extruded façade profiles can be improved by the use of pre-treated wood flour and enables new applications in the building sector.