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Synthesis of β-Ketoiminato Copper(II) Complexes and their Use in Copper Deposition

: Preuß, A.; Korb, M.; Rüffer, T.; Bankwitz, J.; Georgi, C.; Jakob, A.; Schulz, S.E.; Lang, H.

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Zeitschrift für anorganische und allgemeine Chemie 646 (2020), Nr.13, S.670-680
ISSN: 0044-2313
ISSN: 0372-7874
ISSN: 0863-1786
ISSN: 0863-1778
ISSN: 1521-3749
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer ENAS ()

The template synthesis of ethylenediamine (1 ) with 2‐acetylcyclopentanone (2 ) and [Cu(OAc)2· H2O] (5 ) produced [Cu(1‐(2‐c C5H6(O))C(Me)NCH2)2)] (6 ) in 82 % yield. Reaction of 5 with bis(benzoylacetone)diethylenetriamine (7 , = L H)[1] gave [Cu(μ‐OAc)(L )(H2O)]2 (8 ). The solid‐state structures of 6 and 8 were determined confirming that 8 possesses intra‐ and intermolecular hydrogen bonds resulting in a dimer formation. The thermal behavior of 6 –8 was studied by TG and TG‐MS. Under oxygen CuO was formed, whereas under Ar Cu/Cu2O (6 ) or Cu (8 ) was obtained. Complex 6 was used as CVD precursor for Cu and Cu‐oxide deposition (substrate temp., 400–500 °C, N2, 60 mL· min–1; O2, 60 mL· min–1; pressure, 0.87–1.5 mbar). The as‐obtained deposits show separated particles of different appearance at the substrate surface as evidenced by SEM. Non ‐volatile 8 was applied as spin‐coating precursor for Cu and CuO formation [conc. 0.25 mol· L–1; volume 0.2 mL; 3000 rpm; depos. time 2 min; heating rate 50 K· min–1; holding time 60 min (Ar), 120 min (air) at 800 °C]. The samples on silicon consist of granulated particles (Ar) or are non‐dense with a grainy topography (air). EDX and XPS measurements confirmed the formation of Cu (Ar) or CuO (O2) with up to 13 mol‐% C impurity.