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High voltage electrochemical exfoliation of graphite for high-yield graphene production

: Roscher, Sarah; Hoffmann, René; Prescher, Mario; Knittel, Peter; Ambacher, Oliver

Volltext urn:nbn:de:0011-n-5621910 (895 KByte PDF)
MD5 Fingerprint: b23275d2be4dca92ca1ebfa1a0ab9ad5
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Erstellt am: 5.11.2019

RSC Advances 9 (2019), Nr.50, S.29305-29311
ISSN: 2046-2069
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer IAF ()

We demonstrate a highly efficient, single-step, cathodic exfoliation process of graphite to produce single- to few-layer graphene with a yield of over 70% from natural graphite flakes. By employing boron-doped diamond electrodes high potentials up to −60 V can be applied which was found to greatly increase the yield. The produced graphene flakes are partially hydrogenated during the electrochemical treatment likely aiding in their exfoliation. The resulting flakes have a large lateral size with up to 50 μm diameter. Due to the reversibility of the hydrogenation by thermal treatment the graphene flakes possess a low defect density as judged by the Raman D/G ratio yielding highly conductive films with sheet resistances of 100 to 3200 Ω □−1 at 10 to 70% transparency.