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Supraparticles with a Magnetic Fingerprint Readable by Magnetic Particle Spectroscopy: An Alternative beyond Optical Tracers

: Müssig, Stephan; Fidler, Florian; Haddad, Daniel; Hiller, Karl‐Heinz; Wintzheimer, Susanne; Mandel, Karl


Advanced materials technologies 4 (2019), Nr.9, Art. 1900300, 6 S.
ISSN: 2365-709X
Fraunhofer ISC ()
magnetic ID; magnetic particle spectroscopy; magnetic tags; marker; product identification

Marking and identification of materials is becoming increasingly important due to complex global resource and supply chains. Luminescent particle-based markers have come to the forefront due to their small dimensions and their ability to be integrated in diverse materials. However, light-absorbing materials can hardly be marked by these particles, thus leading to insufficient recycling rates of, e.g., black plastics. In this work, microparticles with a unique magnetic fingerprint are tailored by modification of their nanoparticle building blocks. This fingerprint tailoring is achieved either by combination of magnetic building blocks with nonmagnetic ones in the supraparticles or, alternatively, by surface modification of the building blocks. An easy-to-use device, based on the principle of magnetic particle spectroscopy (MPS), is established to resolve the magnetic fingerprint information. This facilitates the employment of magnetic supraparticles as markers for product tracking and identification. As a proof of concept, it is shown that such particles enable the marking of black plastic.