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Fluidic actuators for separation control at the engine/wing junction

: Schloesser, P.; Meyer, M.; Schueller, M.; Weigel, P.; Bauer, M.


Aircraft engineering and aerospace technology 89 (2017), Nr.5, S.709-718
ISSN: 1748-8842
ISSN: 0002-2667
International Conference on "Innovation in European Aeronautics Research" <6, 2016, Porto>
European Commission EC
""2nd Generation Active Wing" - Active Flow- Loads & Noise control on next generation wing"
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Konferenzbeitrag
Fraunhofer ENAS ()

Purpose - The area behind the engine/wing junction of conventional civil aircraft configurations with underwing-mounted turbofans is susceptible to local flow separation at high angles of attack, which potentially impacts maximum lift performance of the aircraft. This paper aims to present the design, testing and optimization of two distinct systems of fluidic actuation dedicated to reduce separation at the engine/wing junction.
Design/methodology/approach - Active flow control applied at the unprotected leading edge inboard of the engine pylon has shown considerable potential to alleviate or even eliminate local flow separation, and consequently regain maximum lift performance. Two actuator systems, pulsed jet actuators with and without net mass flux, are tested and optimized with respect to an upcoming large-scale wind tunnel test to assess the effect of active flow control on the flow behavior. The requirements and parameters of the flow control hardware are set by numerical simulations of project partners.
Findings - The results of ground test show that full modulation of the jets of the non-zero mass flux actuator is achieved. In addition, it could be shown that the required parameters can be satisfied at design mass flow, and that pressure levels are within bounds. Furthermore, a new generation of zero-net mass flux actuators with improved performance is presented and described. This flow control system includes the actuator devices, their integration, as well as the drive and control electronics system that is used to drive groups of actuators.
Originality/value - The originality is given by the application of the two flow control systems in a scheduled large-scale wind tunnel test.