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Wettability investigations and wet transfer enhancement of large-area CVD-graphene on aluminum nitride

: Knapp, Marius; Hoffmann, René; Cimalla, Volker; Ambacher, Oliver

Volltext urn:nbn:de:0011-n-4644386 (21 MByte PDF)
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Erstellt am: 5.1.2018

Nanomaterials 7 (2017), Nr.8, Art. 226, 14 S.
ISSN: 2079-4991
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer IAF ()
graphene wet transfer; aluminium nitride; wettability; chemical vapor desposition; surface plasma treatment; graphene doping; CVD-graphene; Key Publication

The two-dimensional and virtually massless character of graphene attracts great interest for radio frequency devices, such as surface and bulk acoustic wave resonators. Due to its good electric conductivity, graphene might be an alternative as a virtually massless electrode by improving resonator performance regarding mass-loading effects. We report on an optimization of the commonly used wet transfer technique for large-area graphene, grown via chemical vapor deposition, onto aluminum nitride (AlN), which is mainly used as an active, piezoelectric material for acoustic devices. Today, graphene wet transfer is well-engineered for silicon dioxide (SiO2). Investigations on AlN substrates reveal highly different surface properties compared to SiO2 regarding wettability, which strongly influences the quality of transferred graphene monolayers. Both physical and chemical effects of a plasma treatment of AlN surfaces change wettability and avoid large-scale cracks in the transferred graphene sheet during desiccation. Spatially-resolved Raman spectroscopy reveals a strong strain and doping dependence on AlN plasma pretreatments correlating with the electrical conductivity of graphene. In our work, we achieved transferred crack-free large-area (40 × 40 mm2) graphene monolayers with sheet resistances down to 350 Ω/sq. These achievements make graphene more powerful as an eco-friendly and cheaper replacement for conventional electrode materials used in radio frequency resonator devices.