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Efficient EM simulation of GCPW structures applied to a 200-GHz mHEMT power amplifier MMIC

: Campos-Roca, Yolanda; Amado-Rey, Belén; Wagner, Sandrine; Leuther, Arnulf; Bangert, Axel; Gómez-Alcalá, Rafael; Tessmann, Axel


Journal of infrared, millimeter, and terahertz waves 38 (2017), Nr.5, S.596-608
ISSN: 1866-6892
ISSN: 1866-6906
Fraunhofer IAF ()
millimeter-wave; monolithic millimeter-wave integrated circuit (MMIC); metamorphic high electron mobility transistor (mHEMT); power amplifier; grounded coplanar waveguide (GCPW); electromagnetic simulation

The behaviour of grounded coplanar waveguide (GCPW) structures in the upper millimeter-wave range is analyzed by using full-wave electromagnetic (EM) simulations. A methodological approach to develop reliable and time-efficient simulations is proposed by investigating the impact of different simplifications in the EM modelling and simulation conditions. After experimental validation with measurements on test structures, this approach has been used to model the most critical passive structures involved in the layout of a state-of-the-art 200-GHz power amplifier based on metamorphic high electron mobility transistors (mHEMTs). This millimeter-wave monolithic integrated circuit (MMIC) has demonstrated a measured output power of 8.7 dBm for an input power of 0 dBm at 200 GHz. The measured output power density and power-added efficiency (PAE) are 46.3 mW/mm and 4.5 %, respectively. The peak measured small-signal gain is 12.7 dB (obtained at 196 GHz). A good agreement has bee n obtained between measurements and simulation results.