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Fundamental principles of photosensing

: Durini, Daniel; Arutinov, David

Durini, Daniel (Hrsg.):
High Performance Silicon Imaging. Fundamentals and Applications of CMOS and CCD sensors
Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2014 (Woodhead publishing series in eletronic and optical materials 60)
ISBN: 978-0-85709-598-5 (Print)
ISBN: 0-85709-752-0
ISBN: 978-0-85709-752-1
ISBN: 0-85709-598-6
Aufsatz in Buch
Fraunhofer IMS ()
human vision; photometry; radiometry; photoelectric effect; history of photodetectors

This chapter discusses the fundamental theory behind photosensing and imaging. It starts with a brief overview of the human vision system, and continues with the basic ideas behind photometry and radiometry used as radiation measuring systems. Next, it presents a brief history of phototransduction explaining the origins of solid-state photosensing through the development of quantum mechanics and the different applications of the photoelectric effect, and mentions some important developments in the field of photodetectors prior to silicon based microelectronics.