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CMOS-compatible ruggedized high temperature Lamb wave pressure sensor

: Kropelnicki, Piotr; Muckensturm, Kai-Marcel; Mu, X.J.; Randles, A.B.; Cai, H.; Ang, W.C.; Tsai, J. M.; Vogt, Holger


Journal of micromechanics and microengineering 23 (2013), Nr.8, Art.085018, 9 S.
ISSN: 0960-1317
ISSN: 1361-6439
Fraunhofer IMS ()
high temperature pressure sensor; 300 °C operation; Lamb wave resonator; AlN piezoelectric drive

This paper describes the development of a novel ruggedized high-temperature pressure sensor operating in lateral field exited (LFE) Lamb wave mode. The comb-like structure electrodes on top of aluminum nitride (AlN) were used to generate the wave. A membrane was fabricated on SOI wafer with a 10 µm thick device layer. The sensor chip was mounted on a pressure test package and pressure was applied to the backside of the membrane, with a range of 20-100 psi. The temperature coefficient of frequency (TCF) was experimentally measured in the temperature range of -50 °C to 300 °C. By using the modified Butterworth-van Dyke model, coupling coefficients and quality factor were extracted. Temperature-dependent Young's modulus of composite structure was determined using resonance frequency and sensor interdigital transducer (IDT) wavelength which is mainly dominated by an AlN layer. Absolute sensor phase noise was measured at resonance to estimate the sensor pressure and temperature sensitivity. This paper demonstrates an AlN-based pressure sensor which can operate in harsh environment such as oil and gas exploration, automobile and aeronautic applications.