Hier finden Sie wissenschaftliche Publikationen aus den Fraunhofer-Instituten.

PAH metabolism in cultured mammalian lung epithelial cells



Polycyclic aromatic compounds 10 (1996), S.35-42
ISSN: 1040-6638
Fraunhofer ITA ( ITEM) ()
monooxygenase induction; Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons; lung; metabolism; epithelial cell; mammal

In vitro cultures of mammalian cells have an advantage over animal experiments in that human cells can be directly compared with various other mammalian cells. In this study we compared the metabolism of several polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) (benzo[a]pyrene, chrysene, pyrene, phenanthrene, benz[a]anthracene) in epithelial cells from hamster, rat and human lung.
The cells investigated in our system yielded more or less qualitatively similar metabolic profiles for all PAH mentioned above except benz[a]anthracene in the three species. Additionally, species-specific differences were prominent between human and rodent cells with regard to the ratio of phase I and phase II metabolites.
Indications have been obtained that monooxygenase induction is required in fetal cells prior to metabolic conversion of those PAH which lack an inductive potential for CYP450.