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Chemical analysis of a C12/BCl3/IBr3 chemically assisted ion-beam etching process for GaAs and InP laser-mirror fabrication under cryo-pumped ultrahigh vacuum conditions

Chemische Analyse eines C12/BCl3/IBr3-chemisch unterstützten Ionenstrahl Trockenätzprozesses für GaAs- und InP-Laserspiegelherstellung unter kryogepumpten Ultra-Hoch-Vakuum-Bedingungen


Journal of vacuum science and technology B. Microelectronics and nanometer structures 13 (1995), No.5, pp.2022-2024
ISSN: 0734-211X
ISSN: 1071-1023
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IAF ()
gallium arsenide; Halbleiterlaser; Indium compounds; InP; laser mirrors; optical fabrication; optoelectronics; semiconductor lasers; sputter etching; X-ray chemical analysis

We have investigated the compatibility of Cl2/BCl3/IBr3 etch gas mixtures with a cryo-pumped ultrahigh vacuum chemically assisted ion-beam etching system. The machine was designed for the fabrication of ultrahigh-quality laser facets in monolithically integrated GaAs- and InP-based optoelectronic integrated circuits. The chemical composition of etch byproducts deposited in the vacuum chambers and the pumping system has been examined in particular detail. After 70 h of process time, samples of such deposits were scraped from the chamber walls and the various stages of the cryo-pump and roughing pump; these samples were analyzed using energy-dispersive X-ray measurements. Automated overnight regeneration of the cryopump, the use of integrated external bakeout heaters, and the implementation of a cryo-pumped load-lock chamber allow the deposition of reactive Cl-containing residues to be confined to surfaces and components which can be cleaned or replaced during routinely scheduled yearly maintenance.