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The application of a predictive migration model for evaluating the compliance of plastic materials with European Food Regulations

Die Anwendung eines Migrations-Bewertungsmodells für die Einhaltung der europäischen Lebensmittelvorschriften bei Kunststoffen
: Baner, A.L.; Brandsch, J.; Franz, R.; Piringer, O.G.

Food Additives and Contaminants 13 (1996), No.5, pp.587-601
ISSN: 0265-203X
Journal Article
Fraunhofer ILV ( IVV) ()
constituent; Europa; Europe; food; food law; Inhaltsstoff; Kunststoff; Lebensmittel; Lebensmittelrecht; migration; plastics; Prüfmethode; test method

A model for estimating the migration of organic substances from plastic materials into foodstuffs has been previously developed. The use of this model allows a shift away from expensive and time consuming migration analysis in foods to much simpler compositional analysis in the material. Starting with toxicologically-based specific migration values, like the over 400 specific migration limit values for organic substances listed in the European Union's Synoptic Document No. 7, the corresponding allowable maximum quantity limits of these substances in the plastic were calculated. The amount of migration that can occur depends on many different factors such as the natures of the plastic, substance and food, contact time and temperature conditions, material thickness and number of uses. These factors can result in a variety of situations which must be taken into account in the estimation of migration. The handling of the migration estimation model is demonstrated for several practical migr ation scenarios using a series of case studies.