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Robotic Dismantling - Experimental Results in Automobile Disassembly

: Schraft, R.D.; Schweizer, M.; Rupprecht, R.

International Federation of Robotics; Singapore Industrial Automation Association -SIAA-:
26th International Symposium on Industrial Robots '95. Proceedings
Singapore: MEP, 1995
ISBN: 1-86058-000-9
International Symposium on Industrial Robots <26, 1995, Singapore>
Conference Paper
Fraunhofer IPA ()
Altautodemontage; Automatisierung; Automobilindustrie; Demontage; disassembly; Industrieroboter; Kraftfahrzeug; recycling; Rohstoffrückgewinnung; Schrott; Schrottrecyclingwirtschaft

Introduction Disassembly of automobiles prior to recycling has been an important issue for the automotive industry due to increasing environmental constraints from legislation and consumers. Since most recycling processes for complex products require disassembly of the product, automation of the disassembly process is an important challenge. An explosion of costs arising from the disposal of remains can be avoided and high-quality raw materials can be reused for production. At the Fraunhofer-Institute for Manufacturing Engineering and Automation (IPA) a disassembly strategy for scrap cars has been developed to reduce car shredder waste by increasing the disassembly depth. The strategy is based upon the integration of automation in the disassembly process using industrial robots for stripping of the automobile. For the investigation of major disassembly operations a flexible disassembly test bed for all scrap cars is being developed. This paper will present the first experimental result s in automated disassembly of scrap cars with industrial robots.