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Intraoperative subcutaneous or intrasplenic vaccination with modified autologous tumor cells leads to enhanced survival in a mouse tumor model

: Dietrich, A.; Stockmar, C.; Aust, G.; Endesfelder, S.; Guetz, A.; Sack, U.; Schoenfelder, M.; Hauss, J.


Journal of cancer research and clinical oncology 132 (2006), No.6, pp.379-388
ISSN: 0171-5216 (Print)
ISSN: 0084-5353
ISSN: 0943-9382
ISSN: 1432-1335 (Online)
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IZI ()
melanoma; cancer; vaccination; spleen; Interleukin-12

Purpose: We investigated the effect of intraoperative intrasplenic or subcutaneous vaccination with modified tumor cells on tumor progression in a mouse model.
Methods: Pre-established B16 melanomas on C57/Bl6 mice were surgically removed; mice were vaccinated intraoperatively with B16 cells transfected with an IL-12-encoding pRSC construct, the empty plasmid, or B16 frozen cells. Cells were given either intrasplenically or subcutaneously. Intrasplenic effects of vaccination were examined along with survival data. Mice without tumor recurrence underwent a second tumor implantation.
Results: Animals administered IL-12 pRSC cells showed significant alterations in the spleen, such as higher percentages of (activated) CD4+ and CD8+ T cells and tumor-specific CD4+ T cells among splenocytes. The tumor recurrence rate after resection ranged from 13 to 36%. Cases with recurrent tumors in particular benefited in all therapy groups, resulting in enhanced (tumor-free) survival, reduced tumor growth and lower metastasis rates. Following macroscopic complete tumor resection, the optimum outcome resulted from vaccination with IL-12 pRSC cells into the spleen and subcutaneously administered frozen cells. Survival times were enhanced in all therapy groups after tumor reimplantation, although results were not significant.
Conclusions: Intraoperative whole-cell vaccination with autologous tumor cells yields promising data, and could be considered as a future option in adjuvant cancer therapy.