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Factorial analysis of fiber laser fusion cutting of AISI 304 stainless steel: Evaluation of effects on process performance, kerf geometry and cut edge roughness

: Mahrle, Achim; Borkmann, Madlen; Pfohl, Peer

Fulltext ()

Materials 14 (2021), No.10, Art. 2669, 28 pp.
ISSN: 1996-1944
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG
Evaluierung dynamischer Lösungsansätze zur Optimierung des Inertgasschneidens von Dickblech mit Laserstrahlquellen hoher Srahlqualität
Journal Article, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer IWS ()
AISI 304 stainless steel; fiber laser fusion cutting; design of experiments; gas flow simulation; kerf geometry; roughness evaluation

Factorial Design-of-Experiment analyses were applied for conventional and beam oscillation fiber laser cutting of 10 mm thick AISI 304 stainless steel. Considered factors in case of the conventional process with a static beam involve both laser and cutting gas parameters, in particular the laser power, the focal plane position, the cutting gas pressure, the nozzle stand-off distance as well as the nozzle diameter. The conducted trials were evaluated with respect to the achievable cutting speed, the cut kerf geometry and the cut edge roughness. Noticeable correlations between cut edge roughness and cut kerf geometry stimulated the development of a corresponding Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) model of the cutting gas flow through the kerf. A specific approach of data synchronization revealed that the experimentally determined roughness values do well correlate with numerically computed values of the backward directed component of the gas-induced shear stress and that the cut kerf geometry as internal process-inherent boundary condition influences relevant cutting characteristics more than controllable external cutting gas parameters. Finally, effects of circular beam oscillation were investigated by an additional factorial analysis considering the laser power, the focal plane position, the oscillation frequency and the oscillation amplitude as factors. The results demonstrate the potential of beam oscillation techniques for quality improvements in laser cutting.