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Business Models and Profitability of Energy Storage

: Baumgarte, F.; Glenk, G.; Rieger, A.

Fulltext ()

iScience 23 (2020), No.10, Art. 101554, 27 pp.
ISSN: 2589-0042
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG
403041268; TRR 266
Rechnungswesen, Steuern und Unternehmenstransparenz
Journal Article, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer FIT ()

Rapid growth of intermittent renewable power generation makes the identification of investment opportunities in energy storage and the establishment of their profitability indispensable. Here we first present a conceptual framework to characterize business models of energy storage and systematically differentiate investment opportunities. We then use the framework to examine which storage technologies can perform the identified business models and review the recent literature regarding the profitability of individual combinations of business models and technologies. Our analysis shows that a set of commercially available technologies can serve all identified business models. We also find that certain combinations appear to have approached a tipping point toward profitability. Yet, this conclusion only holds for combinations examined most recently or stacking several business models. Many technologically feasible combinations have been neglected, indicating a need for further research to provide a detailed and conclusive understanding about the profitability of energy storage.