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Beyond Anthropometry and Biomechanics: Digital Human Models for Modeling Realistic Behaviors of Virtual Humans

: Alexander, Thomas; Fromm, Lisa


Cassenti, Daniel N.:
Advances in Human Factors in Simulation and Modeling : Proceedings of the AHFE 2018 International Conferences on Human Factors and Simulation and Digital Human Modeling and Applied Optimization, Held on July 21–25, 2018, in Loews Sapphire Falls Resort at Universal Studios, Orlando, Florida, USA
Cham: Springer Nature, 2019 (Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing 780)
ISBN: 978-3-319-94222-3 (Print)
ISBN: 978-3-319-94223-0 (Online)
International Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics (AHFE) <9, 2018, Orlando/Fla.>
International Conferences on Human Factors and Simulation and Digital Human Modeling and Applied Optimization <2018, Orlando/Fla.>
Conference Paper
Fraunhofer FKIE ()

Spatial layout of workplaces and geometric analysis of future products is a prominent application of Digital Human Models (DHMs). DHMs describe characteristics of body dimensions, body shape and motions of the future workers and users. Further applications of DHM are animated, computer-generated and photo-realistic figures for populating computer games and movies. In contrast to these applications, other areas of human modeling, e.g. human behavior modeling or cognitive modeling, have not been applied broadly.
These models address different levels of human behavior, including human information processing. This paper presents several of these models and uses them as a basis for generating the idea of a comprehensive digital human model. Such a model is applicable for optimizing complex work processes as well as populating virtual environments. It is concluded that there will be no single solution for modeling and simulation all variations and aspects of human behavior, but that there is a need for a reference architecture as a generic interface between the different models.