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Wear-resistant nickel-based laser clad coatings for high-temperature applications

: Makarov, Aleksey Viktorovich; Korobov, Yuriy Stanislavovich; Soboleva, Natalia N.; Khudorozhkova, Yuliya Viktorovna; Vopneruk, Aleksandr Aleksandrovich; Balu, Prabu; Barbosa, Maria Manuel; Malygina, Irina Y.; Burov, Sergey Vladimirovich; Stepchenkov, A.K.


Pisʹma o materialach = Letters on materials 9 (2019), No.4, pp.470-474
ISSN: 2218-5046
ISSN: 2410-3535
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IWS ()
NiCrBSi / NiBSi-WC coatings; wear resistance; annealing; Cu-Cr-Zr substrate; laser cladding

The effect of high-temperature processing on laser clad Ni-based coatings is studied. Annealing at 1025°C forms thermally stable framework structures with large chromium carbides and borides. As a result, improved hardness and wear resistance of the coating are maintained when heated to 1000°C. Stabilizing annealing also increases the frictional thermal resistance of the NiCrBSi coating. Under high-speed (3.1– 9.3 m/s) sliding friction, when the surface layer temperature reaches about 500 –1000°С and higher, the wear resistance of the coating increases by 1.7 – 3.0 times. The proposed approach to the formation of heat-resistant coatings is promising, in particular, for a hot deformation tool and other components of metallurgical equipment operating under high thermal and mechanical loads. Such products include crystallizer walls of continuous casting machines. For the walls, the development of laser cladding technology for wear-resistant composite coatings on copper alloys is relevant as an alternative to thermal spraying. The cladding of composite NiBSi-WC coatings of 0.6 and 1.6 mm thickness on a Cu-Cr-Zr bronze substrate heated to 200 – 250°C with a diode laser is considered. The presence of boron causes the formation of the W(C, B) carboboride phase, whose hardness is higher than that of WC in the initial powder. Depending on the thickness of coatings and, accordingly, on the duration of heating and the subsequent cooling, the process of secondary carboborides precipitation from the solid solution can be suppressed (in the “thin” coating) or activated (in the “thick” coating). This leads to a higher wear resistance under friction sliding 1.6 mm thickness coating.