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The effect of thickness on the properties of laser-deposited NiBSi-WC coating on a Cu-Cr-Zr substrate

: Korobov, Yuriy Stanislavovich; Khudorozhkova, Yuliya Viktorovna; Hillig, Holger; Vopneruk, Aleksandr Aleksandrovich; Kotelnikov, Aleksandr B.; Burov, Sergey Vladimirovich; Balu, Prabu; Makarov, Aleksey Viktorovich; Chernov, Alexey

Fulltext ()

Photonics 6 (2019), No.4, Art. 127, 10 pp.
ISSN: 2304-6732
Journal Article, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer IWS ()
laser deposition; wear; copper; NiBSi-WC coating

Ni/60WC coatings on copper substrate were placed via laser deposition (LD). A structural study was conducted using electron microscopy and a microhardness evaluation. Two body abrasive wear tests were conducted with a pin-on-plate reciprocating technique. A tool steel X12MF GOST 5960 (C-Cr-Mo-V 1.6-12-0.5-0.2) with a hardness of 63 HRC was used as a counterpart. The following results were obtained: Precipitation of the secondary carbides takes place in the thicker layers. Their hardness is lower than that of the primary carbides in the deposition (2425 HV vs. 2757 HV) because they mix with the matrix material. In the thin layers, precipitation is restricted due to a higher cooling rate. For both LD coatings, the carbide’s hardness increases compared to the initial mono-tungsten carbide (WC)-containing powder (2756 HV vs. 2200 HV). Such a high level of microhardness reflects the combined influence of a low level of thermal destruction of carbides during laser deposition and the formation of a boride-strengthening phase from the matrix powder. The thicker layer showed a higher wear resistance; weight loss was 20% lower. The changes in the thickness of the laser deposited Ni-WC coating altered its structure and wear resistance.