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The influence of thrust force on the vitality of bone chips harvested for autologous augmentation during dental implantation

: Achour, Anas Ben; Petto, Carola; Meißner, Heike; Hipp, Dominik; Nestler, Andreas; Lauer, Günter; Teicher, Uwe

Fulltext ()

Materials 12 (2019), No.22, Art. 3695, 20 pp.
ISSN: 1996-1944
Bundesministerium fur Wirtschaft und Energie BMWi (Deutschland)

Entwicklung eines Instrumentes für implantatchirurgische Eingriffe in der Zahnmedizin und zur Gewinnung von Knochenspänen mit maximaler regenerativer Potenz
Journal Article, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer IWS ()
Fraunhofer IWU ()
drilling; implantation; vitality; bone chips; augmentation; thrust force

Bone drill chips that are collected during implant site preparation can be reused as autologous bone-grafting material for alveolar ridge augmentation. This study characterized five market-leading implant drill sets regarding their geometric properties and ability to produce vital bone chips. The drill geometry of each tool of five commercial implant drill sets was characterized while using optical profile projector devices and SEM. Bone chips were collected during the in vitro preparation of porcine jaw bone with the various drill sets. Produced bone chip masses were measured. The bone chips were cultured in vitro and the number of outgrown cells was determined and measurand for vitality. Furthermore, the thrust force and cutting torque were recorded to examine the mechanical loads of the manual drilling process. The tool geometry and set configuration of one out of five implant drill sets appears to be superior regarding chip mass, vitality, and thrust force. It could be proven that there is a correlation between vitality and thrust force. The thrust force is influenced by the cutting behavior of the tool, which in turn depends on the geometry of the tool. The tool geometry has an influence on the vitality of the augmentation material due to this relationship.