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Energy coupling of laser radiation on AISI 304 stainless steel: Effect of high temperatures and surface oxidation

: Hipp, Dominik; Mahrle, Achim; Beyer, Eckhard

Fulltext ()

Materials 12 (2019), No.17, Art. 2802, 10 pp.
ISSN: 1996-1944
Journal Article, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer IWS ()
energy coupling efficiency; laser material processing; high temperature; surface oxidation; absorptivity

The industrial application of laser materials processing methods is still far ahead of research into the physical phenomena occurring during these processes. In particular, the effect of high temperatures on the energy coupling of laser irradiation of metals is poorly understood. However, most processes in laser materials treatment involve temperatures above the melting point or even cause evaporation. This study therefore evaluates the effect of high temperatures on the energy coupling efficiency of stainless steel experimentally for three typical laser wavelengths (515 nm, 1.07 µm, 10.6 µm). As a result, it is shown that the effect of temperature on the energy coupling efficiency depends on the wavelength. In this context the relevance of the X-point phenomenon known from the emissivity theory could be demonstrated for laser material processing. Further, the effect of a process-induced surface oxidation is analyzed. At temperatures above 650 °C the energy coupling efficiency dramatically increases to around 65% at melting point and stays at this high level even in the liquid phase.