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High throughput direct laser interference patterning of aluminum for fabrication of super hydrophobic surfaces

: Lang, Valentin; Voisiat, Bogdan; Lasagni, Andrés-Fabián

Fulltext ()

Materials 12 (2019), No.9, Art. 1484, 17 pp.
ISSN: 1996-1944
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG
SPP 1676;
"Trockenumformen-Nachhaltige Produktion durch Trockenbearbeitung in der Umformtechnik"
Journal Article, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer IWS ()
laser interference; surface engineering; manufacturing

This work addresses the fabrication of hydrophobic surface structures by means of direct laser interference patterning using an optical setup optimized for high throughput processing. The developed optical assembly is used to shape the laser beam intensity as well as to obtain the two sub beams required for creating the interference pattern. The resulting beam profile consists of an elongated rectangular laser spot with 5.0 mm × 0.1 mm size, which enables the optimized utilization of the laser fluence available from an ns-pulsed laser with a wavelength of 1064 nm. Depending on the pulse repetition rate applied, heating of the substrate volume generated by heat accumulation encouraged exceptionally high aspect ratios of the trench structures due to melt flow dynamic material deformation. Finally, water contact angle measurements of the produced structures permitted the demonstration of the capability of controlling the wetting angle, in which this effect does not only depend on the height of the generated surface structures but also on their morphology.