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Correlation of Mechanical and Electrical Behavior of Polyethylene Oxide-Based Solid Electrolytes for All-Solid State Lithium-Ion Batteries

: Peters, Fabian; Langer, Frederike; Hillen, Nicolai; Koschek, Katharina; Badenhagen, Ingo; Schwenzel, Julian; Busse, Matthias

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Batteries 5 (2019), No.1, Art. 26, 13 pp.
ISSN: 2313-0105
Journal Article, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer IFAM ()
all-solid state battery; mechanical characterization; dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA); poly (ethylene oxide) (PEO); all-solid state electrolytes

Mechanical and electrochemical stability are key issues for large-scale production of solid state Li-ion batteries. Polymer electrolytes can provide good ionic conductivity, but mechanical strength needs to be improved. In this study, we investigate the correlation of mechanical and electrical properties of poly (ethylene oxide) (PEO)-based solid electrolytes for Li-ion batteries. The influence of alumina and LiClO4 addition are investigated. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) is used to study the thermal behavior of salt-free and salt-containing samples and to identify the melting temperature. Dynamic mechanical analysis reveals the elastic properties as a function of temperature. Electrochemical properties are investigated using impedance spectroscopy. It is found that addition of alumina increases mechanical strength, while LiClO4 decreases it. Addition of LiClO4and Al2O3 increases ionic conductivity and improves mechanical properties. However, there is no overlapping window of high mechanical strength and high ionic conductivity.