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Indoor localization based on passive electric field sensing

: Fu, Biying; Kirchbuchner, Florian; Wilmsdorff, Julian von; Große-Puppendahl, Tobias; Braun, Andreas; Kuijper, Arjan


Braun, Andreas (Ed.); Wichert, Reiner (Ed.); Gomez, Antonio Maña (Ed.):
Ambient Intelligence. 13th European Conference, AmI 2017 : Malaga, Spain, April 26-28, 2017, Proceedings
Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2017 (Lecture Notes in Computer Science 10217)
ISBN: 978-3-319-56996-3 (Print)
ISBN: 978-3-319-56997-0 (Online)
ISBN: 3-319-56996-1
DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-56997-0
European Conference on Ambient Intelligence (AmI) <13, 2017, Malaga>
Conference Paper
Fraunhofer IGD ()
indoor localization systems; electric field sensing; sensor technology; Guiding Theme: Individual Health; Guiding Theme: Smart City; Research Area: Computer vision (CV); Research Area: Human computer interaction (HCI)

The ability to perform accurate indoor positioning opens a wide range of opportunities, including smart home applications and location-based services. Smart floors are a well-established technology to enable marker-free indoor localization within an instrumented environment. Typically, they are based on pressure sensors or varieties of capacitive sensing. These systems, however, are often hard to deploy as mechanical or electrical features are required below the surface. They might also have a limited range or not be compatible with different floor materials. In this paper, we present a novel indoor positioning system using an uncommon form of passive electric field sensing, which detects the change in body electric potential during movement. It is easy to install by deploying a grid of passive wires underneath any non-conductive floor surface. The proposed architecture achieves a high position accuracy and an excellent spatial resolution. In our evaluation, we measure a mean positioning error of only 12.7 cm. The proposed system also combines the advantages of very low power consumption, easy installation, easy maintenance, and the preservation of privacy.