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Temporal dynamics of spatially localized waves in quadratic nonlinear waveguide arrays

: Setzpfandt, F.; Solntev, A.S.; Neshev, D.N.; Pertsch, T.; Sohler, W.; Schieck, R.


Physical Review. A 89 (2014), N.3, Art.033863
ISSN: 0556-2791
ISSN: 1050-2947
ISSN: 1094-1622
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IOF ()

We study experimentally and theoretically the temporal dynamics of laser pulses propagating under conditions of spatial self-focusing in quadratic nonlinear waveguide arrays made from periodically poled lithium niobate. We observed temporal pulse breakup and temporal pulse narrowing and studied the dynamics of these effects in different waveguides. We investigated the influence of the frequency dependence of the mode indices as a limiting factor for soliton formation. Our experimental results are in good agreement with the theoretical model developed from coupled-mode theory, providing a detailed understanding of pulse dynamics and beam distribution in waveguide arrays with quadratic nonlinearity.