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Detection of workpiece shape deviations for tool path adaptation in robotic deburring systems

: Kuss, Alexander; Drust, Manuel; Verl, Alexander

Fulltext urn:nbn:de:0011-n-4288991 (819 KByte PDF)
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Created on: 10.1.2017

Procedia CIRP 57 (2016), pp.545-550
ISSN: 2212-8271
Conference on Manufacturing Systems (CMS) <49, 2016, Stuttgart>
Journal Article, Conference Paper, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer IPA ()
deburring; Entgraten; Industrieroboter; CAD-Objekt; CAD-Modell; Bahnplanung

Robotic systems have the potential to automate deburring processes along edges of arbitrarily shaped workpieces. The desired robot movement can be realized by proper trajectory planning using the computer-aided design (CAD) model of the manufactured workpiece. A fundamental problem is that geometric shape deviations between the nominal CAD model and the manufactured parts might be beyond acceptable limits for correct execution of the deburring process. This paper proposes a novel, easy to implement and practical approach to detect shape deviations of workpieces for automatic adaptation of robotic deburring processes. The approach only uses dimensional tolerance specifications of the manufactured part provided by the product design to derive possible variations of the workpiece geometry model. A matching process is performed between point clouds for each of the considered variants and a measured point cloud from the manufactured workpiece using an Iterative Closest Point (ICP) approach. Resulting point distances are used for evaluation of shape similarity between the compared point clouds. Finally, the most similar geometry model is identified for subsequent trajectory planning and workpiece localization. Experimental validation is performed by an industrial robot equipped with a stereo camera for shape sensing and a milling tool for subsequent execution of a deburring process. The results demonstrate the effectiveness and practicality of the proposed approach in industrial applications and an increased deburring quality.