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Globalization and its impact on nanomaterials in Germany

: Kolaric, Ivica

Bertsch, Stefanie (Ed.); Kolaric, Ivica ; Nanoinitiative Bayern GmbH; Netzwerk NanoCarbon:
NanoCarbon Annual Conference 2016 : Programm and Abstract Book. February 23rd and 24th 2016, University of Würzburg, Germany
Gerbrunn, 2016
NanoCarbon Annual Conference <2016, Würzburg>
Fraunhofer IPA ()
functional material; Carbon Nanotube (CNT); Additive Manufacturing (AM)

The creation of value of tangible goods such as cars, medicine, and cloth starts a t the material Ievel. New alloys and fibers led to lighter, saver and more efficient transportation such as cars and planes. Furthermore, innovations on nano Ievel led to very efficient and affordable electronics used every day by millions of users. Without research on nanomaterials mobile phones won't be as smart as they are and their batteries won't endure the whole day. Even though that the impact of nanomaterials on innovations is enormous, the public perception of nanomaterials and its science is significantly decreasing.
Today, there is an intensive discussion about the impact of ICT Technologies on the production of the future, the deployment of EV markets as well as additive manufacturing. However, within these topics nanomaterials and its science have a huge importance. The internet of things and services will require an enormous amount of better and eheaper synthetic electronic. Electro vehicles produced in Europe, will need new energy storage systems produced in Europe. The fundamental understanding of materials and its process ability on submicro Ievel, will improve the quality of products made by additive manufacturing methods. As a result, nanomaterials and its processes will have a significant stake in the value creation process in Europe's future production.
Due to their strategic importance, such materials are supposed to be produced in Europe. But, material production leaves Germany and Europe. The production of commodity material is not very profitable anymore. As a result, the production is moving to the new markets or locations with a better economic environment. With this dislocation in some cases, the knowledge about the materials can erode or being transferred to potential competitors. Parallel to this, processed former commodity producers in emerging markets need to differentiate against their competitors. As a result, they start to innovate and develop advanced materials, which might have a key role in Germany's future products. Maybe in the future such companies might dominate the world markets, similar to Japanese Carbon fibers producers do it today in their area. As a result, it is worth to carefully review which nanomaterials are strategically important and need to be deployed in Germany.