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Holographic wavefront sensor for fast defocus measurement

: Zepp, Andreas; Gladysz, Szymon; Stein, Karin


Advanced Optical Technologies 2 (2013), No.5/6, pp.433-437
ISSN: 2192-8584
ISSN: 2192-8576
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IOSB ()
adaptive optics; holographic wavefront sensor; holography

Atmospheric effects significantly influence the propagation of light. Conventional adaptive optics systems, based on Shack-Hartmann sensors (SHS), work well for vertical-path propagation. However, for more challenging scenarios like horizontal-path imaging or free-space laser communications through extended-volume turbulence and strong scintillation, the bandwidth of SHS is insufficient. A promising alternative is the holographic wavefront sensor (HWFS). Our paper deals with some dependencies and limitations of the HWFS. First, we show that the sensitivity of the HWFS is highly dependent on the detector size. The smaller the detector, the more sensitive is the sensor. This has consequences in the photon-starved regime, which would naturally occur when the sensor is operated at the intended MHz speed. Second, we show that uncorrected (or residual) tip/tilt has a large impact on the accuracy of the measurement. We present experimental results of measuring an important and also easily correctable aberration, defocus, with the HWFS.