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Residential energy-efficient technology adoption, energy conservation, knowledge, and attitudes

An analysis of European countries
: Mills, Bradford F.; Schleich, Joachim

Preprint urn:nbn:de:0011-n-2139606 (214 KByte PDF)
MD5 Fingerprint: 9e531ead9eb4b9f5537ea4112605dd42
Created on: 14.12.2018

Energy policy 49 (2012), pp.616-628
ISSN: 0301-4215
Journal Article, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer ISI ()
household energy-efficiency; technology adoption; energy conservation

Relationships between measures of household energy use behavior and household characteristics are estimated using a unique dataset of approximately 5000 households in 10 EU countries and Norway. Family age-composition patterns are found to have a distinct impact on household energy use behavior. Households with young children are more likely to adopt energy-efficient technologies and energy conservation practices and place primary importance on energy savings for environmental reasons. By contrast, households with a high share of elderly members place more importance on financial savings, and have lower levels of technology adoption, energy conservation practice use, and knowledge about household energy use. Education levels also matter, with higher levels associated with energy-efficient technology adoption and energy conservation practice use. Similarly, university education increases the stated importance of energy savings for greenhouse gas reductions and decreases the stated importance for financial reasons. Education impacts also vary greatly across survey countries and there is some evidence of an Eastern–Western European divide with respect to attitudes towards energy savings. These cross-country differences highlight the need to balance a common EU energy-efficiency policy framework with flexibility for country specific policies to address unique constraints to energy-efficient technology and conservation practice adoption.