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Optical analogues for massless dirac particles and conical diffraction in one dimension

: Zeuner, J.M.; Efremidis, N.K.; Keil, Robert; Dreisow, Felix; Christodoulides, D.N.; Tünnermann, Andreas; Nolte, Stefan; Szameit, Alexander


Physical review letters 109 (2012), No.2, Art. 023602, 5 pp.
ISSN: 0031-9007
ISSN: 1079-7114
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IOF ()

We demonstrate that light propagating in an appropriately designed lattice can exhibit dynamics akin to that expected from massless relativistic particles as governed by the one-dimensional Dirac equation. This is accomplished by employing a waveguide array with alternating positive and negative effective coupling coefficients, having a band structure with two intersecting minibands. Through this approach optical analogues of massless particle-antiparticle pairs are experimentally realized. One-dimensional conical diffraction is also observed for the first time in this work.