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3D-modeling of an integrated SOFC stack unit

Poster held at 10th European SOFC Forum (EFCF), Luzern, Schweiz, 2012
3D Modell eines SOFC Stacks in einer Hotbox-Umgebung
: Ganzer, Gregor; Schöne, Jakob; Beckert, Wieland; Megel, Stefan; Michaelis, Alexander

Poster urn:nbn:de:0011-n-2084613 (1.5 MByte PDF)
MD5 Fingerprint: 3fa0bc2604cd8a906c4d3db34d71dab7
Created on: 19.7.2012

2012, 1 Folie
Europäische Brennstoffzellen Konferenz <10, 2012, Luzern>
International Solid Oxide Fuel Cell and Electrolyser Conference <2012, Luzern>
European Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Forum (SOFC) <10, 2012, Luzern>
Poster, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer IKTS ()
fuel cell; SOFC; modeling; CFD

Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) are promising candidates for future energy supply by converting the chemical energy of the reactants directly into electrical energy. In this work, a thermo-fluid and electrochemical SOFC stack model of an existing stack is introduced. The stack is made of 30 repeating units in cross-flow design with an internal manifold system. In SOFC stacks different transport processes are present: heat and mass transfer, fluid flow and electrochemical conversions. Furthermore, different length scales can be found, ranging from several microns for the electrolyte thickness to some decimetres referring to stack height. Therefore, a detailed simulation is computationally expensive. To reduce computational costs, a homogenized description of the electrochemical active area, treated as a porous medium, is introduced. Additionally, the model comprises internal anode and cathode manifolds. Firstly, a comparison between a detailed and two homogenized thermo-fluid models of one repeating unit will be performed in order to verify our homogenization approach. The homogenized models show good agreement with the detailed case. In the second part, a homogenized thermo-fluid stack model is integrated into a hotbox environment, leading to a more realistic stack surrounding. In this case, the stack has an open cathode; the air supply through the hotbox induces a more uneven flow distribution at the cathode entrance. The influence of two different heat source distributions inside the stack will be compared. Finally, a two-dimensional electrochemical model of the activ e area will be introduced. Temperature distributions for two fuel gas compositions, pure hydrogen and reformate, are shown.