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Effect of soft-copy display supported by CAD on mammography screening performance

: Roelofs, A.A.J.; Woudenberg, S. van; Otten, J.D.M; Hendriks, J.H.; Bödicker, A.; Evertsz, C.J.G.; Karssemeijer, N.


European radiology 16 (2006), No.1, pp.45-52
ISSN: 0938-7994
ISSN: 1613-3749
Journal Article
Fraunhofer MEVIS ()
aged; analysis; area under curve; breast neoplasm; cancer; diagnosis; female; human; image processing; computer-assisted; mammography; method; middle aged; Netherland; observer variation; performance; predictive value of test; radiographic image enhancement; radiology; reproducibility of results; research; retrospective study; screening

Diagnostic performance and reading speed for conventional mammography film reading is compared to reading digitized mammograms on a dedicated workstation. A series of mammograms judged negative at screening and corresponding priors were collected. Half were diagnosed as cancer at the next screening, or earlier for interval cancers. The others were normal. Original films were read by fifteen experienced screening radiologists. The readers annotated potential abnormalities and estimated their likelihood of malignancy. More than 1 year later, five radiologists reread a subset of 271 cases (88 cancer cases having visible signs in retrospect and 183 normals) on a mammography workstation after film digitization. Markers from a computer-aided detection (CAD) system for microcalcifications were available to the readers. Performance was evaluated by comparison of Az-scores based on ROC and multiple-Reader multiple-case (MRMC) analysis, and localized receiver operating characteristic (LROC) analysis for the 271 cases. Reading speed was also determined. No significant difference in diagnostic performance was observed between conventional and soft-copy reading. Average Az-scores were 0.83 and 0.84 respectively. Soft-copy reading was only slightly slower than conventional reading. Using a mammography workstation including CAD for detection of microcalcifications, soft-copy reading is possible without loss of quality or efficiency.