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Development of a model for stormwater runoff prediction on vertical test panels coated with plaster and mortar

: Vega-Garcia, Pablo; Schwerd, Regina; Scherer, Christian; Schwitalla, Christoph; Helmreich, Brigitte

Volltext urn:nbn:de:0011-n-6153186 (1.5 MByte PDF)
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Erstellt am: 31.8.2021

Water 12 (2020), Nr.9, Art. 2593, 18 S.
ISSN: 2073-4441
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer IBP ()

Leaching outdoor tests (LOT) are commonly used to assess the leaching of substances from construction materials. In this context, the amount of stormwater in contact with the surface material is of special interest for analyzing the runoff loads of substances from building façades. A numerical model was developed in MATLAB on the basis of previous analytical models to calculate the collected stormwater runoff volumes from the vertical test panels (VTP) during LOT. In the model, wind-driven rain (WDR) is considered to be the main mechanism for determining the amount of water impinging on the VTP, so it is a crucial factor in the modeling for the façade runoff. The new model makes it possible to simulate the runoff volumes from VTP that are covered with a wide variety of plaster and mortar. Using the new model, it was possible to relate the VTP runoff volumes obtained during an 18-month sampling period for LOTs performed at the Fraunhofer Institute for Building Physics in Valley, Germany. When comparing the simulation results with the field test accumulated runoffs, the model exhibited a difference of no more than 3.5% for each of the analyzed materials. The simulation results are satisfying, and the paper demonstrates the feasibility of the modelling approach for the runoff assessment of VTP covered with a variety of plaster and mortar.