Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft

Publica

Hier finden Sie wissenschaftliche Publikationen aus den Fraunhofer-Instituten.
2021A Comparative Life Cycle Assessment of Silicon PV Modules: Impact of Module Design, Manufacturing Location and Inventory
Müller, A.; Friedrich, L.; Reichel, C.; Herceg, S.; Mittag, M.; Neuhaus, D.H.
Journal Article
2021Degradation Mechanisms and Partial Shading of Glass-backsheet and Double-Glass Photovoltaic Modules in Three Climate Zones Determined by Remote Monitoring of Time-series Current-voltage and Power Datastreams
Liu, J.; Wang, M.; Curran, A.J.; Schnabel, E.; Köhl, M.; Braid, J.L.; French, R.H.
Journal Article
2021The Impact of the Lamination Process on the Adhesion Properties at the Glass-Encapsulant Interface and Damp Heat Stability of PV Modules
Öz, A.K.; Herzog, C.; Wellens, C.; Mansour, D.E.; Heinrich, M.; Kraft, A.
Conference Paper
2021Keep cool and distribute stress. A recipe for improved performance
Meijer, S.; Masolin, A.; Beinert, A.
Presentation
2021Materialinnovationen für die Solarenergie
Bett, A.W.
Presentation
2021The MorphoColor Concept for Colored Photovoltaic Modules and Solar Thermal Collectors
Bläsi, B.; Wessels, A.; Callies, A.; Eisenlohr, J.; Ensslen, F.; Kuhn, T.; Kroyer, T.; Höhn, O.
Presentation
2021Performance of Shingled Solar Modules Under Partial Shading
Klasen, N.; Weißer, D.; Rößler, T.; Neuhaus, D.-H.; Kraft, A.
Journal Article
2021The Photovoltaics Renaissance - New Opportunities for a Key Enabler of the Clean Energy Transition
Bett, A.
Presentation
2021Production of Photovoltaics in Europe. Opportunities and Challenges
Bett, A.W.
Presentation
2021PV Manufacturing in Europe. Statements
Bett, A.W.
Presentation
2021Quantitative Evaluation of the Shading Resilience of PV Modules
Klasen, N.; Lux, F.; Weber, J.; Weißer, D.; Roessler, T.; Kraft, A.; Neuhaus, D.H.
Conference Paper
2021Root Cause Analysis of Solar Cell Cracks at Shingle Joints
Klasen, N.; Heinz, F.; Rose, A. de; Rößler, T.; Kraft, A.; Kamlah, M.
Presentation
2021Solarstrom als Pfeiler des Energiewandels
Bett, A.W.
Presentation
2020Cell-To-Module (CTM) Analysis for Photovoltaic Modules with Cell Overlap
Shahid, J.; Karabacak, A.Ö.; Mittag, M.
Presentation
2020A Comparison of Different Solar Cell Technologies for Integrated Photovoltaics
Heinrich, M.; Kuhn, T.E.; Dimroth, F.; Würfel, U.; Goldschmidt, J.C.; Powalla, M.; Glunz, S.W.; Neuhaus, D.H.
Conference Paper
2020The Effect of Cell and Module Dimensions on Thermomechanical Stress in PV Modules
Beinert, A.; Romer, P.; Heinrich, M.; Mittag, M.; Aktaa, J.; Neuhaus, D.H.
Journal Article
2020Enabling the In-Situ Stress and Temperature Measurement by Silicon Solar Cell Integrated Stress and Temperature Sensors for Photovoltaic Modules
Beinert, A.J.; Imm, M.; Benick, J.; Becker, F.; Seitz, S.; Heinrich, M.; Paul, O.; Glunz, S.W.; Aktaa, J.; Eitner, U.; Neuhaus, H.
Conference Paper
2020Energy Yield Modelling of 2D and 3D Curved Photovoltaic Modules
Neven-du Mont, S.; Heinrich, M.; Pfreundt, A.; Kutter, C.; Tummalieh, A.; Neuhaus, D.-H.
Conference Paper
2020Enhancing PV Module Thermomechanical Performance and Reliability by an Innovative Mounting Solution
Beinert, A.; Masolin, A.
Conference Paper
2020Impact of Solar Cell Dimensions on Module Power, Efficiency and Cell-To-Module Losses
Mittag, M.; Pfreundt, A.; Shahid, J.
Presentation
2020Integrated Lightweight, Glass-Free PV Module Technology for Box Bodies of Commercial Trucks
Kutter, C.; Basler, F.; Alanis, L.E.; Markert, J.; Heinrich, M.; Neuhaus, D.H.
Conference Paper
2020Integrierte Photovoltaik - Aktive Flächen für die Energiewende
Wirth, H.; Vehse, M.; Rau, B.; Peibst, R.; Colsmann, A.; Stephan, A.; Lechner, P.
Conference Paper
2020Microstructure and Long-Term Stability of Solder Joints on Nickel-Plated Aluminium Formed During Short Soldering Times
Rose, A. de; Mikolasch, G.; Kamp, M.; Kraft, A.; Nowottnick, M.
Journal Article
2020More Realistic Consideration of Backsheets Coefficient of Thermal Expansion on Thermomechanics of PV Modules
Romer, P.; Oreski, G.; Beinert, A.J.; Neuhaus, H.; Mittag, M.
Conference Paper
2020Potential and Challenges of Vehicle Integrated Photovoltaics for Passenger Cars
Heinrich, M.; Kutter, C.; Basler, F.; Mittag, M.; Alanis, L.E.; Eberlein, D.; Schmid, A.; Reise, C.; Kroyer, T.; Neuhaus, D.H.; Wirth, H.
Conference Paper
2020Reduction of ECA Amount for the Ribbon Interconnection of Heterojunction Solar Cells
Kaiser, C.; Nikitina, V.; Geipel, T.; Kraft, A.
Conference Paper
2020Results of the Bifacial PV Cells and PV Modules Power Measurement Round Robin Activity of the PV-Enerate Project
Koutsourakis, G.; Rauer, M.; Schmid, A.; Bellenda, G.; Betts, T.; Blakesley, J.; Bliss, M.; Bonilla Castro, J.; Bothe, K.; Dittmann, S.; Lopez-Garcia, J.; Herrmann, W.; Hinken, D.; Kenny, R.; Molinero, R.; Pavanello, D.; Riechelmann, S.; Sträter, H.; Vegas, A.; Winter, S.
Conference Paper
2020Silicon Solar Cell-Integrated Stress and Temperature Sensors for Photovoltaic Modules
Beinert, A.J.; Imm, M.; Benick, J.; Becker, F.; Seitz, S.; Heinrich, M.; Paul, O.; Glunz, S.W.; Aktaa, J.; Eitner, U.; Neuhaus, H.
Journal Article
2020Spray Pyrolysis - a Versatile Technique for Thin Film Deposition in PV
Bartsch, J.; Heitmann, U.; Jakob, L.; Mahmoud Algazzar, R.; Tutsch, L.; Hermann, R.; Kluska, S.; Bivour, M.; Bläsi, B.; Hauser, H.; Janz, S.; Glatthaar, M.
Conference Paper
2020Trend Tracking of Efficiency and CTM Ratio of PV Modules
Tummalieh, A.; Pfreundt, A.; Mittag, M.
Conference Paper
2019Accelerated TC Test in Comparison with Standard TC Test for PV Modules with Ribbon, Wire and Shingle Interconnection
Schiller, C.; Rendler, L.C.; Eberlein, D.; Mülhöfer, G.; Kraft, A.; Neuhaus, D.-H.
Conference Paper
2019Adhesion Improvement for Solder Interconnection of Wet Chemically Coated Aluminum Surfaces
Rose, Angela de; Kamp, M.; Mikolasch, G.; Kraft, A.; Nowottnick, M.
Conference Paper
2019Data-Driven I-V Feature Extraction for Photovoltaic Modules
Ma, X.; Huang, W.H.; Schnabel, E.; Köhl, M.; Brynjarsdottir, J.; Braid, J.L.; French, R.H.
Journal Article
2019Differential Scanning Calorimetry for Simulation and Optimization of the Lamination Process
Herzog, C.; Müller, T.; Heinrich, M.; Neuhaus, D.-H.
Conference Paper
2019Enabling the Measurement of Thermomechanical Stress in Solar Cells and PV Modules by Confocal Micro-Raman Spectroscopy
Beinert, A.; Büchler, A.; Romer, P.; Haueisen, V.; Rendler, L.C.; Schubert, M.C.; Heinrich, M.; Aktaa, J.; Eitner, U.
Journal Article
2019FEM Simulation of Deformations in Strings of Shingled Solar Cells Subjected to Mechanical Reliability Testing
Klasen, N.; Romer, P.; Beinert, A.; Kraft, A.
Conference Paper
2019FEM Simulation of Thermomechanical Stress in PV Modules
Beinert, A.
Presentation
2019Industrialization of Ribbon Interconnection for Silicon Heterojunction Solar Cells with Electrically Conductive Adhesives
Geipel, T.; Nikitina, V.; Bauermann, L.P.; Fokuhl, E.; Schnabel, E.; Erath, D.; Krieg, A.; Kraft, A.; Fischer, T.; Lorenz, R.; Breitenbücher, D.
Conference Paper
2019Interconnection of Silicon Heterojunction Solar Cells by Infrared Soldering - Solder Joint Analysis and Temperature Study
Rose, Angela de; Geipel, T.; Eberlein, D.; Kraft, A.; Nowottnick, M.
Conference Paper
2019Lead-free Solders for Ribbon Interconnection of Crystalline Silicon PERC Solar Cells with Infrared Soldering
Geipel, T.; Eberlein, D.; Kraft, A.
Conference Paper
2019Post-Processing Thickness Variation of PV Module Materials and its Impact on Temperature, Mechanical Stress and Power
Pfreundt, A.; Yucebas, D.; Beinert, A.J.; Verissimo Mesquita, L.; Pitta Bauermann, L.; Romer, P.; Mittag, M.
Conference Paper
2019Sektorenkopplung - der Beitrag der Photovoltaik zur zukünftigen Energieversorgung
Bett, A.
Presentation
2019Techno-Economic Analysis of Half-Cell Modules - the Impact of Half-Cells on Module Power and Costs
Mittag, M.; Pfreundt, A.; Shahid, J.; Wöhrle, N.; Neuhaus, D.H.
Conference Paper
2019Thermal Modelling of Photovoltaic Modules in Operation and Production
Mittag, M.; Vogt, L.; Herzog, C.; Pfreundt, A.; Shahid, J.; Neuhaus, D.H.; Wirth, H.
Conference Paper
2019Thermochemical Stress in Solar Cells: Contact Pad Modeling and Reliability Analysis
Rendler, L.; Romer, P.; Beinert, A.; Stecklum, S.; Kraft, A.; Eitner, U.; Wiese, S.
Journal Article
2019Thermomechanical Evaluation of New PV Module Designs by FEM Simulations
Beinert, A.; Romer, P.; Heinrich, M.; Mittag, M.; Aktaa, J.; Neuhaus, D.H.
Conference Paper
2018Analysis of Grain-Size Distribution and Yield Strength of Interconnector Ribbons and Wires at Different Streching Conditions Using Color Etching
Walter, J.; Stegmaier, J.; Kraft, A.; Eitner, U.
Conference Paper
2018Approach for a Holistic Optimization from Wafer to PV System
Mittag, M.; Reise, C.; Wöhrle, N.; Eberle, R.; Schubert, M.; Heinrich, M.
Conference Paper
2018Comparison of Layouts for Shingled Bifacial PV Modules in Terms of Power Output, Cell-to-Module Ratio and Bifaciality
Mondon, A.; Klasen, N.; Fokuhl, E.; Mittag, M.; Heinrich, M.; Wirth, H.
Conference Paper
2018Decorated Building-Integrated Photovoltaic Modules: Power Loss, Color Appearance and Cost Analysis
Kutter, C.; Bläsi, B.; Wilson, H.R.; Kroyer, T.; Mittag, M.; Höhn, O.; Heinrich, M.
Conference Paper
2018Light Attenuation Model to Predict Nominal Power of Modules with Light-Scattering Ceramic Printed Front Glasses
Kutter, C.; Wilson, H.R.; Pfreundt, A.; Heinrich, M.; Wirth, H.
Conference Paper
2018Mechanical and electrical properties of wave-shaped wires for low-stress interconnection of solar cells
Rendler, L.; Walter, J.; Goldenberg, S.; Beinert, A.J.; Wiese, S.; Eitner, U.
Journal Article
2018Mosaic Module Concept for Cost-Efficient and Aesthetic BIPV Modules
Mittag, M.; Ebert, M.; Wilson, H.R.; Fellmeth, T.
Conference Paper
2018A Multidimensional Optimization Approach to Improve Module Efficiency, Power and Costs
Shahid, J.; Mittag, M.; Heinrich, M.
Conference Paper
2018Optimization of electrically conductive adhesive bonds in photovoltaic modules
Geipel, T.; Meinert, M.; Kraft, A.; Eitner, U.
Journal Article
2018Rapid Calculation of the Backsheet Coupling Gain Using Ray Groups
Pfreundt, A.; Mittag, M.; Heinrich, M.; Eitner, U.
Conference Paper
2018Solder joint analysis on coated aluminum for silicon solar cell interconnection
Rose, Angela de; Kraft, A.; Eitner, U.; Nowottnick, M.
Conference Paper
2017Abgedeckter PVT-Kollektor mit Low-e-Beschichtung und Belüftung als Überhitzungsschutz
Lämmle, M.; Panzer, C.; Hermann, M.
Conference Paper
2017Analysis of backsheet and rear cover reflection gains for bifacial solar cells
Mittag, M.; Grünzweig, A.; Wiese, M.; Mahmoud, N.; Schmid, A.; Heinrich, M.
Conference Paper
2017Analysis of peel and shear forces after temperature cycle tests for electrical conductive adhesives
Hoffmann, S.; Geipel, T.; Meinert, M.; Kraft, A.
Conference Paper
2017Cell-to-Module (CTM) analysis for photovoltaic modules with shingled solar cells
Mittag, M.; Zech, T.; Wiese, M.; Bläsi, D.; Ebert, M.; Wirth, H.
Presentation
2017Electrical and thermal modeling of junction boxes
Mittag, M.; Kutter, C.; Hoffmann, S.; Romer, P.; Beinert, A.J.; Zech, T.
Conference Paper
2017FEM-based development of novel back-contact PV modules with ultra-thin solar cells
Beinert, Andreas; Leidl, Roman; Sommeling, Paul; Eitner, Ulrich; Aktaa, Jarir
Conference Paper
2017Intermetallic compounds in solar cell interconnections: Microstructure and growth kinetics
Geipel, T.; Moeller, M.; Walter, J.; Kraft, A.; Eitner, U.
Journal Article
2017Low-temperature soldering for the interconnection of silicon heterojunction solar cells
Rose, Angela de; Erath, D.; Geipel, T.; Kraft, A.; Eitner, U.
Conference Paper
2017Power loss through decorative elements in the front glazing of BIPV modules
Mittag, M.; Kutter, C.; Ebert, M.; Wilson, H.R.; Eitner, U.
Conference Paper
2017Ribbon interconnection of 6" BC-BJ Solar Cells
Walter, Johann; Rendler, Li Carlos; Halm, Andreas; Mihailetchi, Valentin; Kraft, Achim; Eitner, Ulrich
Journal Article
2017Shingled cell interconnection: A new generation of bifacial PV-modules
Klasen, N.; Mondon, A.; Kraft, A.; Eitner, U.
Conference Paper
2017Solar potential on commercial trucks: Results of an irradiance measurement campaign on 6 trucks in Europe and USA
Eitner, U.; Ebert, M.; Zech, T.; Schmid, C.; Watts, A.; Heinrich, M.
Conference Paper
2017Solder interconnection of aluminum foil rear side metallization for passivated emitter and rear solar cells
Rose, Angela de; Kraft, A.; Gledhill, S.; Ali, M.T.; Kroyer, T.; Pscherer, C.; Graf, M.; Nekarda, J.; Eitner, U.
Conference Paper
2017Solder joint stability study of wire-based interconnection compared to ribbon interconnection
Walter, J.; Rendler, L.C.; Ebert, C.; Kraft, A.; Eitner, U.
Journal Article
2017Systematic PV-module optimization with the cell-to-module (CTM) analysis software "SmartCalc.CTM"
Mittag, M.; Ebert, M.
Journal Article
2017Thermomechanical stress analysis of PV module production processes by Raman spectroscopy and FEM simulation
Beinert, A.J.; Romer, P.; Büchler, A.; Haueisen, V.; Aktaa, J.; Eitner, U.
Journal Article
2017TPedge: Progress on cost-efficient and durable edge-sealed PV modules
Mittag, M.; Eitner, U.; Neff, T.
Conference Paper
2017Ultra-soft wires for direct soldering on finger grids of solar cells
Rendler, L.C.; Walter, J.; Kraft, A.; Ebert, C.; Wiese, S.; Eitner, U.
Journal Article
2016A comprehensive study of intermetallic compounds in solar cell interconnections and their growth kinetics
Geipel, T.; Moeller, M.; Kraft, A.; Eitner, U.
Journal Article
2016Comprehensive Study of Intermetallic Compounds in Solar Cell Interconnections Including Lead-Free, Low Melting Point Solders
Geipel, T.; Möller, M.; Kraft, A.; Eitner, U.
Conference Paper
2016The impact of ribbon properties on measured peel forces
Eitner, U.; Rendler, L.C.
Journal Article
2016Insights into metastability of photovoltaic materials at the mesoscale through massive I-V analytics
Peshek, T.J.; Fada, J.S.; Hu, Y.; Xu, Y.; Elsaeiti, M.A.; Schnabel, E.; Köhl, M.; French, R.H.
Journal Article
2016Investigation of Thermomechanical Stress in Solar Cells with Multi Busbar Interconnection by Finite Element Modeling
Rendler, L.C.; Kraft, A.; Ebert, C.; Wiese, S.; Eitner, U.
Conference Paper
2016Low-temperature interconnection of PVD-aluminium metallization
Geipel, T.; Kumm, J.; Moeller, M.; Kroely, L.; Kraft, A.; Eitner, U.; Wolf, A.; Zhang, Z.; Wolfahrt, P.
Journal Article
2016Mechanical stress in solar cells with multi busbar interconnection - parameter study by FEM simulation
Rendler, L.C.; Kraft, A.; Ebert, C.; Eitner, U.; Wiese, S.
Conference Paper
2016Mosaic modules for improved design options in building integrated photovoltaic modules
Ebert, M.; Mittag, M.; Fellmeth, T.; Spribille, A.; Mindehoud, T.; Gijzen, G.; Fath, K.; Hecker, R.; Eitner, U.
Conference Paper
2016Die parasitäre Kapazität eines PV-Moduls als Ursache für einen erhöhten Ableitstrom und Indikator für den Feuchteeintrag im Verkapselungsmaterial
Berg, H.; Hsian Saw, M.; Philipp, D.
Conference Paper
2016Photovoltaic Modules: Technology and Reliability
Wirth, H.; Weiß, K.-A.; Wiesmeier, C.
Book
2016A PVT collector concept with variable film insulation and low-emissivity coating
Lämmle, M.; Thoma, C.; Hermann, M.
Journal Article
2016TPEDGE: Glass-glass photovoltaic module for BIPV-applications
Mittag, M.; Neff, T.; Hoffmann, S.; Ebert, M.; Eitner, U.; Wirth, H.
Conference Paper
2015Modelling and verification of mechanical stress induced by soldering of wires for multi busbar interconnection
Rendler, L.C.; Walter, J.; Geipel, T.; Volk, M.; Ebert, C.; Eitner, U.
Conference Paper
2015TPedge: Qualification of a gas-filled, encapsulation-free glass-glass photovoltaic module
Mittag, M.; Haedrich, I.; Neff, T.; Hoffmann, S.; Eitner, U.; Wirth, H.
Conference Paper
2015Triangular Ribbons for Improved Module Efficiency
Mittag, M.; Beinert, A.J.; Rendler, L.C.; Ebert, M.; Eitner, U.
Conference Paper
2013Adhesion of Al-Metallization in Ultra-Sonic Soldering on the Al-Rear Side of Solar Cells
Schmitt, P.; Eberlein, D.; Tranitz, M.; Eitner, U.; Wirth, H.; Ebert, C.
Journal Article
2013Cure kinetics of electrically conductive adhesives for solar cell interconnection
Geipel, T.; Eitner, U.
Journal Article
2013Evaluation of solder resists for module integration of MWT solar cells
Walter, J.; Hendrichs, M.; Clement, F.; Tranitz, M.; Eitner, U.
Journal Article
2013HIP-MWT: Our approach for high performance ribbon based back contact MWT modules with Low CTM losses
Spribille, A.; Hendrichs, M.-S.; Thaidigsmann, B.; Clement, F.; Hädrich, I.; Wiese, M.; Kaufmann, S.; Morf, P.; Gretler, A.; Rueedy, A.; Nussbaumer, H.; Träger, A.
Conference Paper
2012Characterization of electrically conductive adhesives
Eitner, U.; Geipel, T.; Holtschke, S.N.; Tranitz, M.
Journal Article
2012Effect of durability testing on solder joint adhesion and failure mode of front side metallizations
Schmitt, P.; Anderson, R.; Tranitz, M.
Conference Paper
2012Interconnector-based module technology for thin MWT cells
Eitner, U.; Eberlein, D.; Tranitz, M.
Conference Paper
2012Intermetallic phase growth and reliability of Sn-Ag-soldered solar cell joints
Schmitt, P.; Kaiser, P.; Savio, C.; Tranitz, M.; Eitner, U.
Journal Article
2012A method to detect defective solder joints by Rs-electroluminescence imaging
Walter, J.; Eberlein, D.; Haunschild, J.; Tranitz, M.; Eitner, U.
Journal Article