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Determination of nitrophenols, nitrobenzoic acids and polar explosives by HPLC-diode array detection in ground water samples of former ammunition plants



Chromatographia 43 (1996), Nr.11/12, S.612-618
ISSN: 0009-5893
Fraunhofer ITA ( ITEM) ()
ammunition; ammunition waste; analytical chemistry; environmental chemistry; groundwater; liquid chromatography; Nitro compounds; nitrophenol; sewage

An HPLC method with diode array detection for the determination of acide aromatic nitro compounds (in particular nitrophenols and nitrobenzoic acids) in ground water around former ammunition plants is presented. The use of an isocratic mobile phase, buffered to a pH of 2.30 on a reversed phase column, allows the seperation of several nitrophenols and nitrobenzoic acids, some of which are known as phototransformation products of 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT). In ground water sample from the former ammunition site at Elsnig (Saxony, Germany) 2,4- and 3,5-dinitrophenol, picric acid and 2,4-dinitro- benzoic acid were identified in addition to a variety of explosives determined previously. [...] The results demonstrate that the application of DAD match and purity testing is an important tool for confirming the presence of compounds in environmental samples.