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Beryllium diffusion in short-period Al(x)Ga(1-x)As/AlAs-superlattices and vertically compact laser structures grown by molecular beam epitaxy

Beryllium Diffusion mittels Molekularstrahlepitaxie gewachsenen kurzperiodischen AlGaAs/GaAs Übergittern und vertikal kompakten Laser-Strukturen
: Gaymann, A.; Maier, M.; Bronner, W.; Grün, N.; Köhler, K.


Materials Science and Engineering, B. Solid state materials for advanced technology 44 (1997), S.12-15
ISSN: 0921-5107
Fraunhofer IAF ()
cladding layer; depth profile; doping concentration; Dotierungskonzentration; Laser-Mantelschicht; Tiefenprofil

Dopant diffusion is investigated by depth profiling with secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) in heterostructures containing Be-doped short-period superlattice Al(x)Ga(1-x)As layers (0.3 =< x =< 0.8) grown by molecular beam epitaxy. At a Be concentration of 2 x 10(exp 18) cm(exp -3) we observe Be outdiffusion into the undoped GaAs layers only at a substrate temperature of 660 deg C. At a doping concentration of 2 x 10(exp 19) cm(exp - 3) a strong increase in diffusion occurs for all growth temperatures. Depth profiles show solubility limits for Be of 1 x 10(exp 19) cm(exp -3) at x=0.6 and 2 x 10(exp 18) cm(exp -3) at x=0.8 in Al(x)Ga(1-x)As layers. Lasers were fabricated with different p-cladding thickness of 450 and 600 nm. An increased threshold current is observed for the structure with the thinner cladding. SIMS depth profiles show that the amount of diffused Be into the active region was about two times higher in the sample with the thin cladding layer. Therefore, we attribute t he increase of the threshold current to the enhanced Be diffusion from the part of the p-cladding layer with highest doping concentration and from the heavily-doped graded layer since in both layers the solubility limits were exceeded.