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Umweltschutz durch Mikroelektronik, Anwendungen, Chancen, Forschungs- und Entwicklungsbedarf

 
: Hiessl, H.; Angerer, G.; Fiedler, H.-L.; Mokwa, W.
: VDE/VDI-Gesellschaft Mikroelektronik -GME-; Fraunhofer-Institut für Systemtechnik und Innovationsforschung -ISI-, Karlsruhe

Berlin: VDE-Verlag, 1991, 673 S. : Abb.
Bericht - Fraunhofer-Institut für Systemtechnik und Innovationsforschung, ISI-B-6-91
ISBN: 3-8007-1797-2
Deutsch
Buch
Fraunhofer ISI ()
actuator; clean technology; control system; emission control; emission measurement; image processing; measuring system; microelectronic; Mikroelektronik; pollution measurement; sensor; Umweltschutz

Abstract
An effective and realizable environmental policy is dependent not only on the responsible behaviour of each individual, but also on technological innovations. The study shows how the use of microelectronics supports this innovation process. Twenty-five areas of application for environmental microelectronics were analysed, including twelve manufacturing industries, combustion plants, industrial waste incineration, road traffic, household machines, agriculture and environmental analytical techniques. The aim of the study was: to show the current use of microelectonics; to point out unused areas of possible microelectronics appication; identify gaps in existing environmental technologies which could be closed with the help of microelectronics; identify R and D-fields; and estimate, if possible, to which extent new applications of micrelectronics could contribute to environmental potection. The study did show, that there are significant differences in the developemental state of hardware c omponents. While about 200 measuring tasks were identified which presently cannot be adequately solved, only some few microelectronics applications fail because of insufficient processing power or insufficient performance of other hardware components. Deficits exist especially for low cost sensors for concentration measurement of substances in gases and fluids. Further R and D-fields include the development of fast processors for image processing in industrial production processes, the development of powerful models for the simulation of manufacturing processes and environmental systems as well as for that of decision supporting systems. An effective and realizable environmental policy is dependent not only on the responsible behaviour of each individual, but also on technological innovations. The study shows how the use of microelectronics supports this innovation process. Twenty-five areas of application for environmental microelectronics were analysed, including twelve manufacturin g industries, combustion plants, industrial waste incineration, road traffic, household machines, agriculture and environmental analytical techniques. The aim of the study was: to show the current use of microelectonics; to point out unused areas of possible microelectronics appication; identify gaps in existing environmental technologies which could be closed with the help of microelectronics; identify R and D-fields; and estimate, if possible, to which extent new applications of micrelectronics could contribute to environmental potection. The study did show, that there are significant differences in the developemental state of hardware c omponents. While about 200 measuring tasks were identified which presently cannot be adequately solved, only some few microelectronics applications fail because of insufficient processing power or insufficient performance of other hardware components. Deficits exist especially for low cost sensors for concentration measurement of substances in gases and fluids. Further R and D-fields include the development of fast processors for image processing in industrial production processes, the development of powerful models for the simulation of manufacturing processes and environmental systems as well as for that of decision supporting systems.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/dokumente/PX-58326.html