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Technometric comparison of bioprocess-based environmental technologies in industrialized countries. Report for OST

In cooperation with Recherche Development International -RDI-, Paris
: Drouet, D.; Reiß, T.
: Fraunhofer-Institut für Systemtechnik und Innovationsforschung -ISI-, Karlsruhe

Volltext urn:nbn:de:0011-px-578057 (9.4 MByte PDF)
MD5 Fingerprint: 06e9917050d045c9ea8881f4712fcb76
Erstellt am: 19.4.2013

Karlsruhe: Fraunhofer ISI, 1991, V, 33 S.
Bericht - Fraunhofer-Institut für Systemtechnik und Innovationsforschung, ISI-B-34-91
Bericht, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer ISI ()
Abwasser; Altlast; bioremediation; Biotechnologie; biotechnology; drinking water; environment; Leistungsstand; Nitrat; nitrate; performance; Phosphat; phosphate; Technik; technology; Technometrie; Trinkwasser; Umwelt; wastewater

The state of the art of bioprocess-based environmental technologies (nitrate removal from drinking water, phosphorus elimination from wastewater, bioremediation of polluted sites) in industrialized countries was compared by using technometric indicators, which are based on technical performance characteristics of products and processes. With respect to biological denitrification of drinking water, France was compared with Germany. Both countries have reached the same stage of development and are in the market. In France biological denitrification of drinking water is used more frequently than in Germany. Both countries have achieved a high technical level. The state of biological phosphorus elimination technology was compared between France, Germany, USA and Japan. All 4 countries have entered the industrial-scale range. By far most experience with large-scale phosphorus removal plants has been accumulated in the USA. In general biological phosphorus elimination has reached a rather hi gh level in all countries under review and therefore is expected to gain importance in the future. The comparison of bioremediation technology between France, Germany, USA and Japan was based on a classification of relevant compounds into 8 persistance categories. In almost all of these categories the technical performance is best in the USA.