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Techno-scientific cooperation with central and eastern Europe. The example of Slovenia

Paper presented at 6 CP-Workshop "Research Cooperation with Countries in Transition", Wien, 1.-2.12.1994
: Gundrum, U.
: Fraunhofer-Institut für Systemtechnik und Innovationsforschung -ISI-, Karlsruhe

Karlsruhe: ISI, 1994, 9 S.
Fraunhofer ISI ()
Innovationsförderung; policy consulting; Politikberatung; technisch-wissenschaftliche Zusammenarbeit; techno-scientific cooperation; Technologietransfer; technology transfer

The advisory project for the promotion of industrial innovation in Slovenia described here is an example of policy consulting based on research, with a detailed situational analysis and evaluation, an identification of problem areas, and joint development and realisation of measures for improvement. Due to the situation of transition and structural change in policy and economy, the stock-taking process was time-consuming and solid information and data bases were often lacking. The confrontation of the offers from the innovation infrastructure with enterprises' needs revealed deficits, and also points of application for improvement measures. The intensive discussion of problem areas and possible solutions led to a stronger communication between policy, industry and science, and provided concrete ideas for the support of technology and innovation. However, the realisation of the measures for improvement is very difficult, due to the restricted competence of the Ministries, and the insuff icient coordination between them. An overall strategy for the promotion of technology, with clear objectives and targets for policy, industry and science, is lacking. There are still communication and cooperation deficits between - and within - these areas, for instance between industry and science, and there are lacks of resources, for example in the support of innovation by banks and the state. These difficulties necessitate a longer term dialogue-oriented consulting, which promotes communiction and cooperation between the main actors of politics, industry and science and is flexible in adapting to national needs. This requires a detailed situational analysis and monitoring, as well as the scientific evaluation of consulting based on impact analysis. There is no generally pattern for techno-scientific cooperation with Central and Eastern Europe; the objectives and structure of each advisory project should be oriented towards the specific situation of the country and its needs.