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Waste Treatment in Product Specific Life Cycle Inventories. An Approach of Material-Related Modelling. Part II: Sanitary Landfill

: Bez, J.; Heyde, M.; Goldhan, G.


International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment 3 (1998), Nr.2, S.100-105
ISSN: 0948-3349
ISSN: 1614-7502
Fraunhofer IVV ()
allocation; environmental impact; environmental impacts; landfill; landfill emissions; landfill modelling; LCA; MSWI; Municipal Solid Waste Incenerator; sanitary landfill; SL; waste management

The final disposal of waste in sanitary landfill generates environmental impacts in the form of gaseous emissions and effluents in the seepage water. In product specicic Life Cycle Assessments, these environmental impacts resulting from the disposal of the product under study frequently have a strong influence on the overall results. The Sanitary Landfill (SL), like the Municipal Solid Waste Incineration (MSWI), is a complex system with a large variety of different types of waste with varying input composition. A direct determination of the environmental impacts resulting from the landfilling of a single input component, e.g. by measurements, is not possible. The model approach described in this paper shows an operationalized concept for the allocation of the environmental effects caused by the landfill process to special input components. The calculation of the landfill emissions in the model is based on the emission spectrum (landfill gas and seepage water) of an average-sized landfi ll in Germany and the elementary composition of the single waste fraction under consideration. The resulting reactor landfill module comprises an average split for diffuse and captured landfill emissions, the use of captured landfill gases in a gas engine and a cleaning of captured seepage water in a waste water treatment plant. A short case study demonstrates the calculation of the effects of landfilling of a defined waste fraction (bottle fraction in post-consumer plastic-waste).