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VR as Interface for Interaction and Manipulation in Endoscopy

Virtual Reality Schnittstelle zur Interaktion und Manipulation in der Endoskopie
: Bauer, W.; Wapler, M.

VDI/VDE-Technologiezentrum Informationstechnik; The Society for Minimally Invasive Therapy:
Advanced Technologies for Minimally Invasive Therapy
Society for Minimally Invasive Therapy (International Meeting) <6, 1994, Berlin>
Fraunhofer IPA ()
endoscopy; Endoskopie; manipulator; Mensch-Maschine-System; Minimal invasive Chirurgie; Minimally Invasive Surgery; virtual reality

This paper examines the potential of Virtual Reality technology in endoscopic surgery. Firstly, the advantages of visualisation with augmented reality are discussed. Secondly, the paper looks at how a Virtual Reality based interface can make surgical manipulators easier and safer to use. The interface is based on a six degree-of-freedom pointing device marketed by Immersion Corporation. This Interface is part of the Cooperative Interactive Application-Tools (CIA) which gives the surgeon a complete interaction environment.