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Two-dimensional hole gas and Fermi-edge singularity in Be delta-doped GaAs

Zweidimensionales Lochgas und Fermi-Kanten-Singularität in Be delta-dotiertem GaAs


Physical Review. B 47 (1993), Nr.15, S.9629-9640 : Abb.,Tab.,Lit.
ISSN: 0163-1829
ISSN: 1098-0121
ISSN: 0556-2805
Fraunhofer IAF ()
delta-doping; Delta-Dotierung; Fermi-edge singularity; Fermikanten-Singularität; GaAs; two-dimensional electronic system; zweidimensionales elektronisches System

The subband structure of the quasi-two-dimensional hole gas (2DHG) formed at a single Be Delta-doped layer in GaAs has been studied by photoluminescence spectroscopy. To confine the photogenerated minority carriers, and thus to enhance the efficiency of radiative recombination form the 2DHG, the Delta-doping spike was placed in the center of an AlsubxGasub1-xAs/GaAs/AlsubxGasub1-xAs double heterostructure. Recombination involving different hole subbands has been resolved which enabled us to analyze the subband occupation as a function of dopant concentration and sample temperature. In sample structures where the Fermi level is located close to unoccupied subbands, a pronounced Fermi-edge singularity (FES) is observed in the low-temperature (Smaller than 20 K) luminescence spectrum. The temporal evolution of the FES has been studied by time-resolved luminescence spectroscopy. The enhancement in emission intensity at the Fermi edge can be understood in terms of a transfer of excitonic os cillator strength from the unoccupied subbands to nearby occupied states at the Fermi energy. Self-consistent subband calculations have been performed to compute the hole confining potential and the subband energies for the present Delta-doped structures. The results of these calculations, which take into account the finite spread of the dopant atoms in accordance with secondary-ion-mass spectroscopic data, are in good agreement with the measured subband spacings. The assignment of light- and heavy-hole transitions is supported by luminescence measurements using circularly polarized light.