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Ammonium nitrate, a less polluting oxidizer.

Ammoniumnitrat, ein umweltfreundlicher Oxidator

Fraunhofer-Institut für Chemische Technologie -ICT-, Pfinztal:
Energetic materials - insensitivity and environmental awareness
Pfinztal: Fraunhofer ICT, 1993 (Proceedings of the International Annual Conference of ICT 24)
Energetic Materials - Insensitivity and Environmental Awareness <1993, Karlsruhe>
Fraunhofer ICT ()
ammonium nitrate; less polluting; oxidator; phase transition; stabilizer; x-ray diffraction

Oxidizers based on ammonium nitrate can be used for the development of insensitive, low signature and less polluting propellants. Therefore NH4NO3, NH4NO3/KNO3, NH4NO3/CsNO3, NH4NO3/Diammine-Nickel, Copper and Zinc were investigated with X-ray diffraction for an unambiguous determination of their phase properties. Cycling the samples stepwise with a temperature program of 20/100/-70/100 degree Celcius diffraction patterns were measured after each present and of their phase transitions. The ingredients are available for the development of propellants in quantities of metric tons with particle sizes of 20-500 mym.