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Tropospheric chemical composition measurements in Brazil during the dry season

: Crutzen, P.J.; Delany, A.C.; Greenberg, J.; Haagenson, P.; Heidt, L.; Lueb, R.; Pollock, W.; Seiler, W.; Wartburg, A.; Zimmermann, P.

Journal of atmospheric chemistry (1985), Nr.2, S.233-256
ISSN: 0167-7764
Fraunhofer IFU; 2002 in Helmholtz-Gesellschaft integriert
air pollution; biomass burning; Brazil; carbon monoxide; global pollution; hydrocarbon; natural emission; nitrogen oxide; ozone; tropic

Field measurement programs in Brazil during the dry seasons in August and September 1979 and 1980 have demonstrated the large importance of the continental tropics in global air chemistry. Many important trace gases are produced in large amounts over the continents. During the dry season, much biomass burning takes place, especially in the cerrado regions, leading to a substantial emission of air pollutants, such as CO, NOx, N2O, CH4 and other hydrocarbons. Ozone concentrations are enhanced due to photochemical reactions. The large biogenic organic emissions from tropical forests play an important role in the photochemistry of the atmosphere and explain why CO is present in such high concentrations in the boundary layer of the tropical forest. Carbon monoxide production may represent more than 3% of the net primary productivity of the tropical forests. Ozone concentrations in the boundary layer of the tropical forests indicate strong removal processes. Due to atmospheric supply of NOx by lightning, there is probably a large production of O3 in the free troposphere over the Amazon tropical forests. This is transported to the marine-free troposphere and to the forest boundary layer. (IFU)