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Temporal variations in formaldehyde, acetaldehyde and acetone and budget of formaldehyde at a rural site in Southern Germany

: Slemr, J.; Junkermann, W.; Volz-Thomas, A.


Atmospheric environment 30 (1996), Nr.21, S.3667-3676 : Ill., Lit.
ISSN: 0004-6981
ISSN: 1352-2310
Fraunhofer IFU; 2002 in Helmholtz-Gesellschaft integriert
Acetaldehyde; acetone; emission; formaldehyde; photochemistry; transport; troposphere

Formaldehyde was measured at the TOR station, Schauinsland, (48 deg N, 6 deg E, 1250 m asl) in September 1992 during the TRACT intensive field campaign, using concurrently a continuous enzymatic/fluorometric technique and the DNPH cartridge method, which also allowed the concentrations of CH3CHO and CH3COCH3 to be determined. The DNPH method gave, on an average, 0.84 ppb higher CH2O concentrations than the fluorometric technique, which was most likely due to contamination during sampling and HPLC analysis. The average relative mole fractions of the carbonyl compounds measured by the DNPH method were 37 per cent CH2O,14 per cent CH3CHO, and 49 per cent CH3COCH3. Mixing ratios of formaldehyde (measured fluorometrically) ranged from 0.2 to 2.8 ppb. They were highest during the daytime when polluted air from the Rhine valley was advected. Lower mixing ratios were usually found during the night or early morning when the site was situated above the nocturnal inversion. Comparison of the diur nal variation of CH2O with the concentrations of O3, NO, NO2, NOy, and PAN and with meteorological data indicated that both transport and photochemical formation contributed to the observed CH2O levels. Budget for CH2O was estimated using covariance of CH2O with NO(x) and PAN.