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Temperature limitation of hydrogen turnover and methanogenesis in anoxic paddy soil

: Babbel, M.; Conrad, R.; Schütz, H.

FEMS Microbiology Ecology (1987), Nr.45, S.281-289
ISSN: 0168-6496
ISSN: 1574-6941
Fraunhofer IFU; 2002 in Helmholtz-Gesellschaft integriert
activation energy; gibbs free energy; methanogenic community

The shift of incubation temperature in anoxic paddy soil from 30 to 15 degrees C resulted in a reversible decrease of the methane production rate and of the H2 steady state partial pressure. Only at 30 degrees C but not at 17 degrees C, total CH4 production rates were enhanced by the addition of H2, acetate, or cellulose compared to the control. Apparent activation energies which were calculated from the temperature dependence of CH4 production were higher in presence than in absence of excess H2. Decrease of temperature caused a decrease of the H2 turnover rate constant and of the Gibbs free energy of H2-dependent methanogenesis, and also resulted in a smaller contribution of H2 to total methanogenesis. However, H2-dependent methanogenesis was significantly stimulated by excess H2 and slightly inhibited by acetate at low as well as high temperature. The results show that H2-producing bacteria were limited by temperature to a greater extent than the methanogens so that the methanogenic microbial community in paddy soil was limited by the supply of H2. At lows as well as high temperatures, excess H2 apparently enabled part of the methanogenic community to shift from acetate-dependent to H2-dependent CH4 had only this effect, but with increasing temperature, excess H2 additionally stimulated total methanogenic activity and eventually even growth. (IFU)