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SAXS measurements of the condensation in mullite precursors

: Heinrich, T.; Raether, F.; Spormann, O.; Fricke, J.


Journal of Applied Crystallography 24 (1991), S.788-793
ISSN: 0021-8898
Fraunhofer ISC ()
Kondensation; Methode; Mullit; Pulverherstellung; SAXS-Messung

Mullite in the composition 3Al2O3.2SiO2 is applied as refractory material. One way to make ultrafine and homogenous mullite powders is the controlled hydrolysis and condensation of an alcoholic solution of chelated aluminium alkoxides and silicon alkoxides. The condensation has been followed with SAXS (small-angle X-ray scattering). The condensation rate and the gelation time depended significantly on the time between preparation of solution and addition of water. In order to explain this behaviour, 29Si NMR was pursued. The particles formed immediately after the addition of water, had a slit-smeared radius of gyration between 34 and 21 Angström depending on the age of solution. Before the gelation point was reached, we found a slope of 2.19 in the Porod plot in the q region 0.02 *1/Angström less than q less than 0.1. Heat treatment of gels yielded ceramic powders which crystallized near 1260 K to mullite directly from the amorphous state.